The body during exercise and sport.


A guide to how your body works.


In this booklet you will discover the types of joints and movement, the functions of the skeleton, bone growth, and the major bones. This booklet is designed to help you understand the functions of your body, and how they help you in life as well as sport. It is useful to know and understand your body and how it works. I hope that it will help your understanding of exercises and why they are beneficial to keep you fit and healthy.


In sport and exercise we have to be able to move our bodies, to run, breath, jump, bend and throw, these are just a few actions that we do that need our bodies to be as they are. Our skeleton is designed to be rigid, yet flexible, so we can do these things and many more ensuring us to perform a wide range of activities and functions. It lets us use the same bones in many different ways, we can walk instead of run, we can skip instead of jump, and itch our nose, instead of just drinking, our body means we can do so many different things and we aren’t limited to doing basic things with single movements instead of the vast amount of things we can do.

I hope you find this booklet interesting and useful in your sports and understanding.

The Skeletal System

In the adult skeleton there are 206 bones, these are the 22 main bones:

Axial and Appendicular

The body is known in two parts. These are known as the axial and appendicular. The axial skeleton is the core of your body: the skull, shoulders, chest, and the spine. The appendicular skeleton is all the other bones of the body.

Functions of the Skeleton

Your skeleton is vital to your body and to life; it has five functions, which are all necessary for us to live. They are:

  • Shape
  • Protection
  • Support
  • Movement
  • Blood Production
  • Attachment for skeleton muscle
  • Stores minerals
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The skeleton gives us our shape, if we had no skeleton we would have no shape. Our shape is necessary to our lives and the way we live them.

Protection is needed by the skeleton so the body remains unharmed; if we had no skeleton the body would be vulnerable to harm. The skeleton protects the organs, and keeps them in the right place. Organs are vital to a person’s life and so if the skeleton didn’t protect them, then they would be susceptible to damage.

The skeleton gives the organs and body support.

The skeleton provides movement for the body. Without ...

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