• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The development of sport throughout the nineteenth century.

Extracts from this document...


The development of sport throughout the nineteenth century. Pre-industrialisation sport in Britain came in the form of popular recreation. It was often a rural and parochial activity. Sport often had no rules and was poorly structured and organised. It commonly took place around public houses or during Wakes and Fairs and was therefore closely accompanied with heavy drinking and gambling. Sport typically took the form of mob games; there were too many people playing the games and there was a severe lack of order and rules. As a consequence there was a lot of violent behaviour; kicking, tripping and punching was recognised as part of the game, but this meant that injuries were common. During this time popular recreation was generally based around cruelty; animal sports such as hunting, shooting, baiting, coursing and dog and c**k fighting, were widespread. Public schools; such as Clarendon Boys' school were an endowed place of education with great social standing. The Sons of Gentlemen, the talented and the elite attended them. They were exclusive schools although they were often frugal and the teachers severe; they therefore acquired the title "Barbarian schools" because of these harsh conditions. ...read more.


It wasn't until about the 1840's that Public schools began to change and generate more influence and involvement in sport. One of the main leaders in the direction of athleticism was Rugby school, which was one of the Clarendon schools. The Head there Thomas Arnold can be remembered as one of a number of Headmasters who established an environment that eventually stimulated athleticism. Arnold endeavoured to create social control and moral reform through sport. It was important to him to create Christian Gentlemen; form a "manly piety". It was believed that he used sport as he thought it was morally good although it can be argued that it was due to his love for sport as Wymer (1953) suggested that Arnold did in fact have a love for several sports; such as cricket, mountain-walking, swimming, sailing, shooting, and riding. However it is clear that the original sporting enthusiasm came entirely from the boy's. Arnold's astute nature sensed their enthusiasm and thus acted upon it to achieve moral and social reforms. Sport became a useful social feature, in later schools one of the main objectives of the Housemaster was to ensure that the boys were beneficially occupied; this was often done by arranging sporting competitions. ...read more.


They carried it in to the "Muscular Christian" era. The introduction of new schools and the expansion of existing schools led to an immense project; the building of new sporting facilities including gymnasiums and extensive playing fields. The structure of the school day was also altered. The morning consisted of academic studies, the afternoon was sporting activities and the evening was prep and house activities. Public school athleticism has had an enormous influence on the maturity of sport through history. Sport was brought on substantially in the course of the last 20 years or so of the 1800's. The time spent on playing sport could be up to five hours a day and it was coached by professionals and elite individuals. This inevitably created a widespread model of play that caused the standard of amateur sport to reach levels it had never seen before. Sport became an essential part of education meaning that its importance was vast. People respected, valued and enjoyed sport. The physical endeavour and moral integrity that sport carried with it become a crucial part of life. The concept of athleticism created not only a new standard of physical ability and sporting performance but also a new model of Gentlemen with superior moral values and social control. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Contemporary Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Contemporary Studies essays

  1. Contemporary Studies in Physical Education

    trophy to bridge the gap and help the younger players to go through the main counties to strengthen English cricket. * ECB U17 County Championship- The frizzell u17 county championship is the gap between 2nd team county cricket and minor county cricket between the junior county cricket where any 2 day games take place.

  2. I love cricket!

    We are not meant to score the runs. The team has got people called "batsmen" to do the job. Don't you agree? Yes? No? Similarly, Shane Warne is regarded by most as the best leg spinner the world has ever seen and how can I disagree.

  1. We Gave Sport to The World - Social Aspects

    * c**k Fighting - This was the most popular blood sport which comprised of an animal vs. animal fight. Due to c***s natural agression it was thought fighting them against each other would be fair and exciting. All social classes enjoyed c**k fighting due to the entertainment factor and the ability to gamble on the sport.

  2. Social Aspects of Sport

    Some sports like snooker are only really shown when big events are being played and the television company showing the event will hype the event up with advertising before the event has even begun. They will devote a lot of air time to the event therefore the viewers sometimes don't

  1. drugs in sport

    When you are watching certain sports you automatically believe that they are taking drugs to enhance their performance. Sports like power lifting, or bodybuilding is rife in them and it is obvious that people would take the drugs to keep up with the other people in their sport if they want to be successful.

  2. Investigating the nature of thesports industry

    of rubbish had ignited below the seating and within 5 minutes, the whole stand was ablaze. Tremendous feats of heroism from fans and staff alike were witnessed by the television cameras that were at Valley Parade, as attempts were made to rescue people from the stand with the roof alight and raining burning material from above.

  1. Leisure and recreation

    Away from the home the cinema was a national passion, as were spectator sports and in particular, football. To a lesser extent, people played locally in popular team games such as cricket, football and rugby or took part in performing arts, which was also popular.

  2. The development of sport throughout the industrial revolution and in the post industrial age.

    sport * Male working class influence increased, notably in football in England and rugby in Wales. However, working class women were largely excluded from sporting involvement * Commercialisation of sport continued with large numbers of spectators and increased numbers of professionals in major sports * Sport was increasingly a matter

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work