The role of feedback in the learning of skills

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David Roberts

Mrs Showler

The role of feedback in

the learning of skills

“Feedback occurs as the result of an action. It allows us to compare our performance with the perfect model.” It tells the performer the errors so they can make changes or adjustments. Feedback is involved greatly in the learning of a skill. There are two main types of feedback, which are Intrinsic and Extrinsic.

  1. Intrinsic Feedback- this occurs as a natural reaction of the movement and is received by the senses. E.g. the sound of the ball on a racket.
  2. Extrinsic Feedback- this comes from outside the performer. E.g. by a coach or trainer.

Feedback can be split up into even more types, they are:

  • Positive feedback- when something is outlined about a performance done correctly. E.g. when the swimmer successfully completed a length of the pool the coach will praise him or she.  
  • Negative feedback- when something is outlined about a performance done incorrectly. E.g. In Basketball when a player misses a shot the player will receive constructive criticism.  
  • Terminal feedback- this is given after the performance has been done. E.g. during a rugby match the coach might replay the match over again pointing out good and bad points.
  • Concurrent feedback- this is given during the performance. E.g. a coach shouting to his team what they are doing right and wrong.
  • Knowledge of Performance- this is given to the team after the performance about the way they played. This can be either intrinsic or extrinsic feedback. E.g. a team talk after the game.
  • Knowledge of Result- this is information concerning the outcome of the activity. E.g. in tennis the trainer giving information about how he or she played after the performance. They can use videos to see were there going wrong and were there doing right.
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Feedback has a big effect on the learning of a skill, when a person is trying to learn a new skill then if the feedback they get back is positive then they are more likely to learn the skill more quickly. This is so because it is proven that if a person enjoys what they are learning then they learn the skill faster. A good coach gives positive information feedback first, followed by error correction and finally some information to motivate the person or persons. To do this the person giving out the feedback needs to make sure what ...

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