Why do people take part in physical activity?

Authors Avatar

Stuart Pelling                                                                                        GCSE Physical Education (theory)  

Why do people take part in physical activity?

People take part in physical activity to:

Get fit          Improve skills          Enjoyment          learn         Social          Money

Relax          Health          Stress          Improve appearance          Aesthetic

Task 2: one example to illustrate the point from 1-4.

  1. To improve body shape

You can improve your body shape by weight training, 3 times a week in a 20 minute session.

  1. To look and feel better

              Circuit training, 3 times a week in a 20 minute session, with a controlled diet.

  1. For good health

For good health you could go cross country running 2 times a week and have a controlled diet.

  1. For enjoyment

For enjoyment you could do your favourite sport as many times a week as you like.

Task 3: activities in your local sports centre.



Indoor football



Health and fitness




Task 4: write down 1-10 and explain what forfills that choice

  1. To improve body shape - weight training.

  1. To look and feel better - circuit training.

  1. For good health - running (long distance).

  1. For enjoyment – golf.

  1. To relieve stress and tension – swimming.

  1. For a physical challenge – cross country running.

7/8.     For co-operation and competition – football.

  1. For the aesthetic qualities – trampolining

  1. To mix socially – gym/fitness.

Task 1:

  1. Psychological factors

Personality – suitable sport?

Motivation – if your keen.

Arousal – laid back or to nervous, get right psyched up.

Stress – stressed prom work etc.

  1. Sociological factors

Friends – like the sport as well.

Parents – money to support you.

  1. Luck

Right place at the right time – just by chance.

Family links you didn’t know about – family support.

  1. Motor skills

Brain – how quick signals travel from brain to foot.

Relation – if you can single out a motor skill you have a big boost in that sport.

Power – good for running.

Technique – brings motor skills to maximum.

  1. Health and fitness

Body composition – fat: muscle ratio.

Body build – big muscles is good for weight training.


Task 2: write down the five categories on page 35 and write down  factors affecting performance.







  • Body composition - is the percentage of body weight which is fat, muscle and bone.

  • Cardiovascular fitness – is concerned with the healthy working of the heart, blood and blood vessels.

  • Exercise – a form of physical activity done primarily to improve one’s health and physical fitness.

  • Flexibility – this area of Health Related Exercise enables us to have a good range of movement in our joints.

  • Fitness – the ability to meet the demands of the environment.

  • Health – a state of complete mental, physical and social well being.

  • Health related exercise (HRE) – is thought to improve mental health and relieve stress. In itself, HRE does not guarantee good health as “a state of complete mental, physical and social well being”. It includes cardiovascular fitness, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility and body composition.

  • Infectious – diseases (those which are passed on from one person to another) have declined dramatically. 

  • Muscular endurance – is concerned with lifting light weights repeatedly without getting unduly tiered.

  • Muscular strength – enables us to lift heavy weights.

  • Performance – how well a task is completed.

  • Physical activity – is exercise that improves health and physical fitness.


Joules and calories

Energy can be measured using joules or calories, but these are defined differently.

  • A joule is defined as the energy needed when 1 kilogram (kg) is moved 1 metre by a force of 1 newton (N).
Join now!

  • A calorie (cal) is defined as the energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree (from 14.5 to 15.5 C).

When large units are involved, such as they are in diets, the terms kilojoule (KJ) (which equals 1000 joules) or megajoule (MJ) (1 million joules) are used. When, as an alternative, the term calorie is used, the kilocalorie (kcal) (which equals 1000 calories) is generally used.

   Empty                                           ...

This is a preview of the whole essay