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Nationalism is a recipe for peace and international order. Discuss

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Introduction

'Nationalism is a recipe for peace and international order.' Discuss Nationalism may be described as a state of mind in which the individual feels that everyone owes their supreme loyalty to the nation-state. This emotion is felt by everyone who considers themselves to have common circumstances at birth. Nationalism, translated into politics implies the identification of the state or nation with the people- or the desirability of determining the extent of the state according to ethnocentric principles. A nation is a particular that shares an identity, usually a language and a culture. People pledge their allegiance to nations in which they do identify culturally, socially, historically and linguistically. Internationalism is the theory or practice of politics based on transnational or global cooperation. It is in universalist assumptions about the human nature that put at odds with political nationalism. International conflicts occur for many reasons, power and territorial rivalries being the most common forms. Nationalism is seen as the driving force for such disputes as it advances a sense of collective identity, usually understood as patriotism. Thus implying an emphasis on national allegiances instead of global or international allegiances. ...read more.

Middle

Similar to liberal nationalism, conservative nationalism also holds the potential to promote peace and international order. Conservative naturally places an emphasis on order, this means that conservative nationalism focuses on the promise of social cohesion and public order. Inspired by the work of Fichte who created the concept of the nation in cultural terms, conservative nationalism as a means by which society can be held together. This highlights the conservative desire for order would result in peace and international order as its provides an antidote for upheaval e.g. social revolution. Disraeli a well known conservative believed that by appealing to the national instinct of people social conflict would be avoided. However, although conservative naturalism asserts order which contribute to international order and peace there are some serious drawn-backs. The prompt emphasis that conservative nationalist place on a sense of national identity can become misguided. The issues of immigration and supranationalism (the ability of bodies with transnational or global jurisdictions to impose their will on nation-states) for the conservatives can lead to cultural diversity, which they believe can lead to instability and conflict. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another example of nationalism that can not promote peace and international order is Riight-wing Nationalism. This type of nationalism doesn't hold much potential for peace and international order because its primary principles of imperialism, expansionism and xenophobia all remove an prospect of interdependence between nations. Expansionsm is a nations tendency to expand its territory, thus encouraging war and upheaval. This alone undermines the ability of right-wing nationalism to bring peace and order. Also it could be argue that such an intense of nationalism can give way to national chauvinism and militarism. The views held by right-wing nationalists are reffered to as an intense form of patriotism which Charles Maurras described as " intergral nationalism". In conclusion, it is apparant that liberal nationalism possibly t he most suited for bring about peace and international order, followed by conservative nationalism. Yet, due to their "radical" natures include principle like xenophobia and expansionism both fascist and right-wing nationalism only have the capability to promote peace and order internationally once there is one dominant nation. Thus in this sense, peace and order become an "end". ?? ?? ?? ?? Rima C-J ...read more.

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