• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Arthur Scargill

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Arthur Scargill and Orgreave Coking Plant Arthur Scargill was the head of the National Union of Miners (NUM). He started strike action by the miners over increased pit closures. This was Britain's most bitter and bloody industrial dispute of the 20th century. Arthur Scargill was a Marxist Yorkshireman and anticipated that the government may start closing more and more pits. So three years earlier in 1981 Arthur Scargill held a ballot in which its 66,000 members of the Yorkshire NUM were asked if they would take strike action if any pit was threatened with closure "unless on the grounds of exhaustion" This was the foundation for a countrywide strike without the need for National Ballot. ...read more.

Middle

Arthur Scargill employed his tactic to prevent the coke produced to reach the Scunthorpe steel works. On May 5th 1984, Arthur Scargill amassed the largest picket of the strike so far with at least five thousand miners gathered outside the Orgreave coking plant near Sheffield. Arthur Scargill the leader of the National Union of Minors called on the miners to picket the plant to try and stop the British steels coke convoys. The picket of at least five thousand was met by police from ten different counties. The trouble started at about 9:00 when the pickets spotted the first convoy. They started to battle with police on horse back. ...read more.

Conclusion

He also went on to say that "The intimidation and the brutality that has been displayed are something reminiscent of a Latin American state." However the minors clash with the police at the Orgreave coking plant failed to have the desired effect as the pickets failed to stop or even restrict power supplies to the nation. Arthur Scargill eventually managed some success when a total of 15,000 pickets besieged a coke depot at Saltley, near Birmingham. The police were forced to close the gates and prevent supplies leaving. The fight of the union against the conservative government ended up in the unions losing out. ?? ?? ?? ?? By Darren Smith ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Trade Unions section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Trade Unions essays

  1. Why did the General Strike of 1926 take place?

    The owners ignored the report reduced wages more than the 10% advised and lengthened hours, prices were cut dramatically- a miner in Durham would have his wages cut by 92p. The miners refused to accept this and replied saying 'not a penny off the day, not a minute on the day'.

  2. Running head: Winnipeg 1919

    to never support a strike again or risk losing their jobs forever with no chance of future employment. Only some postal workers returned back to their jobs. Then on May 24, 1919 Norris urged the telephone workers to return to their jobs or risk losing their jobs and being replaced by new hired employees.

  1. Is the strike no longer necessary?

    I am sure that the people of London will understand that it's better to have the short term inconvenience of a strike than the long term meltdown in our public services that will be inevitable if the pay issue isn't tackled."

  2. Account for the much lower level of strike incidence in Britain in recent years. ...

    like banking, as well as in manufacturing industries, have created a general uneasiness about continuity of employment. Many employees have felt that strikes, or threats of strikes, could only increase that insecurity. When looking at the impact of legislation upon strikes, it is important to look at its historical context.

  1. Describe and analyse the key developments in British industrial relations over the past 20 ...

    Whereas the 1980 act required a ballot for any new closed shop, the 1982 act extended the ballot requirement to existing closed shops where there had not been a secret ballot in the preceding five years. It also made void any term in a contract which required a person to use only union labour.

  2. The Winnipeg General Strike.

    In order to garner support for their cause when their employers refused to negotiate both the building trades unions and the metal trades unions took their cases to the Winnipeg Trades and Labour Council on 6 May 1919.9 The timing was critical because, at this juncture, an atmosphere of confrontation

  1. Why did the General Strike of 1926 take place?

    The decline of the coal, mining industry was a major one, during the decline of the mining industry owners had to increase hours and lower wages to maintain profits. Others were, Change of attitude after the war and nationalisation (both explained above).

  2. For my report I will be analysing the recent events of the fire brigade ...

    2002 that FBU members have been arguing for a number of years that their pay is falling behind that of other workers. The average UK earnings are currently �25,400 per annum. Basic Rate (per annum) Basic Hours per Week Data source Police Constable �29,062 (max)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work