Cyprus a new member of the European Union, a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of joining.

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Module 00719 – Foundation Project                                                        Constantinos Stylianides      

Final Project                                                                                                                          03109693

Cyprus a new member of the European Union,

a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of joining.

Name: Constantinos Stylianides

Student no.: 03109693

Module tutor: Richard Haill

Date: 14th of June 2004

Word count:  3,253 words

1. Introduction

        1.1. Description of the topic

        Cyprus has always been a part of the European family. The goal of joining the EU is a natural choice for Cyprus. On 1st of May 2004 ten new countries joined the European Union (EU), one of those was Cyprus. Cyprus is very well known because of its problem, with Turkey’s invasion of the north part of the island in 1974. I have chosen to write about my country where I have been living all my life. The subject is very topical because this year Cyprus has been writing some very important pages in its history book, with its joining the EU, and also many other countries are talking about it. It’s a very interesting topic because Cyprus is a country where since the past was always in trouble. Cyprus is a divided country, occupied from Turks, and it makes it special because its capital, Nicosia, is the only remained divided capital in the world.

        1.2. The main sources of investigation

        My main sources for this project are journals, although I found some newspaper articles and a book. The most interesting Journal is the “Application of Cyprus to the European Union and the Cyprus Problem”, which includes many ideas and arguments about Cyprus and the EU. Also another interesting journal, written by the former president of Cyprus, George Vasiliou, is the “Cypriot Accession to the EU and the Solution to the Cyprus Problem”.


        1.3. Aims of the Project

        The aims of this project are to give a general idea of Cyprus’ recent history and the current situation, including the membership of the EU and the ‘Cyprus problem’. It also discusses briefly some important aspects of recent history and the project will also analyse the advantages and disadvantages of joining the EU.

2. Main Body

        2.1. Brief history of Cyprus after 1960.

        Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (9.251 sq. km), located in the eastern part of it. The geographical place of Cyprus plays a bridge building role between Europe, Asia and Africa (Appendix, image1). Due to its strategic position dozens of powers including the Ottomans, ruled Cyprus and until today, many countries with power in their hands, show an interest in Cyprus. (Sertoglu & Ozturk, 2003)

        In 1878 the Ottomans handed over the administration of Cyprus to Britain. After Cyprus became a British colony, an underground movement (EOKA) fought a war of rebellion against the British colony (1955-1959) and eventually gained the liberation of Cyprus from the British Empire. On the 16th August 1960 Cyprus became an independent republic. Cyprus with its independence, gained membership’s into many European organizations. (“About Cyprus”, 2001)

        In 1974 the military government in Greece (the Junta), staged a coup to remove the elected president of Cyprus Archbishop Makarios III. Five days later Turkey using the coup as a reason, invaded Cyprus, with a pretext of restoring the constitutional order. (“About Cyprus”, 2001)

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        The results of the Turkish invasion are:

  • 37% of the island is under Turkish military occupation. (Appendix image2)
  • 200,000 Cypriots refugees, moved from the north part of the island to the south part.
  • 1619 missing Greek Cypriots, Turkey refuse to say where those people are, and so on no one knows where those people are.

        Many efforts were made from the Cyprus government for the settlement of this situation, but Cyprus is still to be divided and many issues are open since 1974.

2.2. The failure of the UN mission in Cyprus.

        “The Cyprus problem has been ...

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