In the UK we are lucky to have what is called a democracy. This is when we allow people to give their opinion in the form of voting. This lets the people of the UK have a say in how the country is run - after all they do live there.
General Elections give the people who vote a chance to vote for a new representative for their area. The country is divided into areas called constituencies and the person who wins the vote in his or her constituency will become a member of parliament or MP. Here are the phases of how the General Election works.
Dissolvement of parliament
The current prime minister makes the formal announcement that soon it will be time to vote for a new party. He asks the Queen to dissolve (suspend) parliament and sets the date for the Election Day. Six days later parliament is dissolved. This mean all the current MP’s that won last time lose their jobs and have to campaign to get reelected. They do this as keeping things the same isn’t a good thing. Refreshing the government means new ideas which makes people happy. We do this so that there is change, it wouldnt be good if we never brought new ideas to the table.