Is Fascism an Ideology?

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Is Fascism an Ideology?

It is impossible to judge whether Fascism fits into the category of an ideology without considering what an ideology actually is. There are many slightly different definitions of ideology Andrew Heywood’s being;

“An ideology is a more or less coherent set of ideas that provides the basis for organised political action, whether this is intended to preserve, modify or overthrow the existing system of power. All ideologies therefore have the following features:

  1. They offer an account of the existing order, usually in the form of a ‘world view’
  2. They advance a model of a desired future, a vision of the ‘good society’
  3. They explain how political change can and should be brought about – how to get from (A) to (B)” 

                                                                                                (Heywood, 2007)

It is clear then that fascism disobeys the majority of the defining characteristic of a traditional ideology, lacking coherence to the point of inherent internal conflictions and whilst offering an account of the existing order and a rudimentary method of political change through conflict it appears to have little idea, nor the interest in, what to do if it actually achieves its goal.

Fascism is seemingly comprised of and defined by what is disagrees with rather than its actual beliefs.

“Fascism thus has a strong ‘anti-character’: it is anti-rational, anti-liberal, anti-conservative, anti-capitalist, anti- bourgeois, anti-communist and so on.”

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                                                                                                 (Heywood, 2007)

 This nihilist approach is a key challenge to Fascisms claim of political ideological status and whilst to a degree this is common of many ideologies its antagonistic nature is so pronounced that it seems to consume the majority of its doctrine, leaving it with little or no ideological substance. ...

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