David Faulkner Period 4 Democracy in Colonial Wethersfield, Connecticut In the years before the Revolutionary War, America and its people started to change, becoming more independent and more Democratic. From the example of Wethersfield, it is possible to see that the American society was becoming more Democratic in the later1700s but was also still very much influenced by the Christian church. From an assortment of evidence, such as the increase in voters and the decrease in slaves, we can see the change that was going on. In the social structure of Wethersfield, we can see how they are becoming more Democratic because of how there are less slaves than there previously was according to document A. Something that is shown by documents B, D, and E is the unfairness in land holdings. It would seem that by becoming more democratic in some areas, the rich are finding ways of making themselves richer, shown by the unfairness in the taxes of property and the chart comparison of how the same people stay in the top percentage of the wealthiest. Along with that, in document E, we can see how the houses, although very similar, have highly different tax assessments; maybe certain people of those houses had a little more influence than the others. The politics of the new world had shown to have more participation in the voting and electing of officials. In document G there is
"A small, unpopular party whose success was due solely to the determination of the leader to seize power" Examine this assessment of the Bolshevik party's success in the USSR 1917-1924.
"A small, unpopular party whose success was due solely to the determination of the leader to seize power" Examine this assessment of the Bolshevik party's success in the USSR 1917-1924. This assessment of the party is based around one of many views on how the Bolsheviks gained power and consolidated their rule. This particular assessment focuses on the "brutalisation" of the party and Lenin's constant concessions in the face of danger despite contending his ideology. The Bolsheviks came to power in October 1917, after the capture of the Winter Palace; the consolidation of their rule included the calling of a constituent assembly, signing of the Brest-litovsk and the introduction of the NEP after War Communism. What I now have to analyse, is the validity of each point in the above assessment, was the party small? Or unpopular? And if so why? Firstly the size of the party has to be considered, before the February revolution the party's size in comparison with other parties was relatively little. The largest parties were those who directly contended the Tsarist regime in towns and villages, one party in particular was the Social Democratic party, as written by Susan Hasler (1989) "Nevertheless, Marxist theories did spread quite widely in Russia, especially through The Social Democratic Party," This shows how the Marxist ideology spread to the common people of Russia,
"Assess the sociological contribution of Karl Marx to an understanding of contemporary society" This essay will discuss how the Karl Marx contributed his knowledge to the understanding of contemporary society. Karl Marx is often referred to as the 'intellectual father of modern day Marxist economics'. Karl Marx was a philosopher, a social scientist and also a historian. He is also known as a revolutionary whose ideas and theories are known as scientific socialism or Marxism. Marxism helps us to understand society and the way in which individuals within society behave and the reasoning behind this behaviour. Marx explained how employers can exploit and alienate their workers; this is described in more detail and is known as 'the labour theory of value'. Marx also goes on to explain how in a business falling rate of profit can lead to an inevitable crisis, revolutions can emerge and then finally leading to the socialist state. Marx also goes on to explain that if workers start to earn more money and gain more wealth then he becomes poorer in values and the more his production increases in power and range of materialistic substances. One of Marx's sayings to support this theory was "The worker becomes an ever cheaper commodity the more commodities he creates". Karl Marx was largely ignored by his scholars during his lifetime; however his theories and ideologies came to surface
"At the heart of liberalism is a fear of unchecked power." "An illiberal tendency of our new government is the move towards government by regulation. Our government is determined to draft legislation which imbues the relevant minister with wide and unchecked powers to make regulations which have the force of law. In practice, this amounts to government by executive decree. We know this odious creature well, as a particular favourite of the old National Party. The ANC are not naïve to the fact that delegated legislation removes the scrutiny of Parliament and opposition parties from the law-making process." Tony Leon, South African liberal A simple definition of power could be the ability both to demand that people do something, and to say how a thing should be done or organised. Authority, however, is where power is granted by consent; and when an individual or committee is said to have authority, the reason that justifies this authority is known as legitimacy. In general, the government has authority because it has legitimacy through: tradition, as Parliament has existed for hundreds of years; charisma, as many people may follow present PM Tony Blair through the strength and attraction of his personality; and democratically through the people, as they vote in elections for the MP or party they wish to form the government. An example of an organisation that has power but
"At the heart of New Right thought, lies the paradox of libertarian and authoritarian belief". To what extent do you support this quotation?
"At the heart of New Right thought, lies the paradox of libertarian and authoritarian belief". To what extent do you support this quotation? The New Right is a form of conservatism which formed in the 1980s and took a very different view of elements of society such as family, education and crime. In the United Kingdom, New Right more specifically refers to a strand of Conservatism that the likes of Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan influenced. Thatcher's style of New Right ideology, known as Thatcherism was heavily influenced by the work of Friedrich Hayek (in particular the book, The Road to Serfdom). Margaret Thatcher said in her 1995 memoirs, The Downing Street Years; "The most powerful critique of socialist planning and the socialist state which I read and to which I have returned so often is F.A.Hayek's 'The Road to Serfdom'". They were ideologically committed to neo-liberalism as well as being socially conservative. Key policies included deregulation of business, a dismantling of the welfare state or 'Nanny State', privatisation of nationalised industries and restructuring of the national workforce in order to increase industrial and economic flexibility in an increasingly global market. The paradox of New Right thought is that it combines both liberal views and conservative views into one coherent ideology. As the New Right supports both these views it is hard to
Political Determinants of Private Sector Growth in Eastern Europe Thematic Area: "Enterprise Development and Behavior including Corporate Governance and Restructuring" Researcher 1: Razvan Grecu Tel: +40.21.326.11.85 E-mail: [email protected] Researcher 2: Laurentiu Stefan Tel: +40.21.326.11.85 E-mail: [email protected] Administrating Institution: Romanian Society of Political Science, Agricultiori Str., No 128 Bis, Sector III, Bucharest, Romania Tel/Fax: +40.21.326.11.85 Web site: http://www.srsp.ro E-mail: [email protected] Abstract The research we propose analyzes the impact of political institutions (broader defined) on the growth of private sector in Eastern Europe. While a large amount of scholarly researches focused on the influence of economic policies and indicators on the extension of private sector in Eastern Europe, the political factors that supported or hindered such development have been often neglected. Using a comparative approach and statistical analysis based on linear regression, our research gives account of the impact of such political factors on the development of private enterprises in Eastern Europe. Relevance of the Project Fifteen years after the breakdown of communist regimes in Eastern Europe, we notice important differences on the development of private sectors in countries of Central and Eastern Europe. One major question
This essay is aimed to discuss the meaning of ideology and it different uses and abuses to which it may be put in a politics
This essay is aimed to discuss the meaning of ideology and it different uses and abuses to which it may be put in a politics. The term ideology has to do with legitimating the power of dominant social group or class. A dominant power which legitimate itself by promoting beliefs and values congenial to it naturalizing and universalising. This belief are to render them self evident and apparently inevitable (T. Eagleton 1991 p5). Ideology is the name given to any comprehensive and mutually consistent set of ideas by which a social group makes sense of the world. (Iain Mclean 1996 p233). When ideology is employed in the use of government it affect not only those who already conform to the ideology but those citizens who do not. Ideology is a body of ideas that reflect the beliefs of nation political system and which is called political ideology. Marx defined ideology as major instruments in the hands of ruling class, used to deceive subordinate classes about true nature of capitalism and to perpetuate its own dominion. (Godwin 1992 p20). An ideology may be seen not simply as social interest but as rationalising them. This means when try to defend something indefensible and cloaking some disreputable motive in high-sounding ethical terms( T. Eagleton1991 p51). In other words, ideology would be seem to make reference not only to belief systems, but to question of power, for
discuss the levels of alienation and the question of whether people are alienated if they cannot perceive it.
Alienation I have felt alienated by work many times, which gives me a kind of practical experience on the essay title. I have divided my essay into two parts. In the first one I present my main points i.e. the ways in which and the extent to which work is alienating and illustrate them with examples. In the second and more evaluative part I discuss the levels of alienation and the question of whether people are alienated if they cannot perceive it. By alienation is meant that a person experiences estranged from him. He does not feel as the creator or master of his own acts but instead his acts and their consequences have become his masters. To put the same in Karl Marx's words man's "own act becomes to him an alien power, standing over and against him, instead of being ruled by him". The meaning of the term "alienation" has been studied by other authors as well e.g. R.Blauner and Feuerbach...They take slightly different views to the term: socio-psychological and philosophical respectively. Since I do not think they contradict the definition given above I will not present them here. Work, being a quintessential part of human existence, is very important to mankind. Since the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century the nature of work has changed dramatically. Along with it came factory work with high degrees of discipline and supervision, time consciousness and the division
To what extent has socialism been defined by it's opposition to capitalism The history of socialism has been punctuated with a number of revisions of its traditional ideals. These have included several revisions of the relationship between socialism and capitalism. Whereas traditional socialist thinkers such as Karl Marx saw socialism as fundamentally opposed to capitalism, and the abolishment of the capitalism system was their primary goal, socialism has developed dramatically to an extent that modern socialist thinkers arguing that socialism can exist alongside capitalism. Marx saw capitalism is against human nature. He believed humans were sociable and co-operative, but capitalism was a system which encouraged competition and pursuits of self-interest, and split the community into two opposing classes; the proletariat and the bourgeoisie. He believed, that to achieve 'social justice', there was call for a violent revolution in which the working class would rise against their exploitation and overthrow the capitalist system. This would then be followed by a transitional stage, the 'Dictatorship of the Proletariat', before a communist system based on production for need was established. Towards the end of the twentieth century, socialist academia were beginning to question the ideas of Karl Marx, as his prediction of the fall of capitalism had not come true. But the
Gemma Singh ACCIDENTAL DEATH OF AN ANARCHIST By DARIO FO CONTEXTUALISATION 'Accidental Death Of An Anarchist' was written by Dario Fo, in 1970 and was first staged in 1979. The play is a provocative piece of drama, containing highly dangerous issues concerning the corruption of political authorities. It's controversial issues and perfected physical movement captivates an audience through it's comic theme as well as pungent serious elements. Dario Fo was born in 1926; he is the son of a railroad worker. Fo is a popular and controversial playwright as well as actor and director. He is well known for leading the field in political satire internationally and in Europe for over 30 years. Fo's main targets (so called inspired attacks) have been corruption in the Italian Legal System imperialism and capitalism .Fo began his career as a performer in the satirical cabaret-style revues (which probably influenced his continuous pleasure in writing plays with a main theme pungent political satire - like 'Accidental Death Of An Anarchist'). In 1973, his wife Franca Rame, was kidnapped, tortured and raped by a group of fascists, to punish them for their political activism. However this never drove the exceptional author to stop producing satirical plays, in fact it probably gave some form of motivation to continue the journey of 'Accidental Death Of An Anarchist' and its "biting