• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4

The European Commission - The Driving Force of the E.U.

Extracts from this document...


The European Commission - The Driving Force of the E.U. The Present * The European Commission consists of 20 commissioners * Two from each of the largest countries (France, Germany, Spain, Italy and the U.K.) * One from each of the ten smaller countries * Commissioners are not elected, but put forward by each member state * Each commissioner heads a department, such as trade or agriculture, and has a team of assistants * Britain's commissioners are Neil Kinnock (former Labour Leader) who is vice president of the commission and in charge of reforming the institutions of the EU, and Chris Patten (former Conservative minister) who is 'foreign secretary' of the EU * A commissioner and his or her team are expected to serve the EU - not the interests of their own countries * They are paid out of the EU budget * The 'seat' of the commission is in Brussels, but it also has offices in Luxembourg, representations in all EU countries and delegations in many capital cities around the world * The European Commission has four main roles: 1. ...read more.


Parliament may: 1. Amend and debate legislation 2. Require the European Council to have unanimity on legislation 3. Veto the EU budget 4. Check the work of the European Commission * Overall, the European Parliament's power (legislative and financial) has increased from its origins, however member states are reluctant to extend power The Future * The Nice Treaty (2000) will limit the number of MEPs to 732 * The redistribution of seats will take place in the 2005 election * The proposed re-distribution will limit the seats available to the UK. The number of MEPs will be reduced to 72, 15 less than previously * The council will also gain power to regulate organisations or political parties at European Level. The European Council and The Council of Ministers The European Council * The European Council is the most important decision-making body in the EU * It is made up of the Prime Minister and the Foreign Secretary of all member states, both of whom can be held to account by their parliament and electorate * The EC meets twice a year * It makes the major decisions (e.g. ...read more.


The number of votes allocated to each country will also change, although talks about this in December 2003 broke down - Poland and Spain refused to accept changes to the system agreed in 200 which gave them almost as many votes as Germany, even though each of their populations is around half the size of Germany's. Official Language The number of languages European Commission employees are required to speak to be eligible for promotion is to be increased to 3 - their mother tongue plus two further EU languages instead of just one. The change will come into force in May when the new member states join, and will increase the cost of language training for the Commission to 5 million Euros per year. The extra foreign language will be required because the French are worried that English is becoming the new official language of the EU - 83% of new staff form the countries joining in May speak English, but only 24% speak French. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level European Union section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level European Union essays

  1. A clear explanation of key underpinning economic theories relevant to the EU.

    Germany, the official language of the country is German with many minor languages such as Turkish as many workers from Turkey. Also spoken in Germany is Frisain and English. English is taught is all German schools and this is mandatory.

  2. How important is the European Parliament?

    Firstly, there are anti-federalist attitudes in the UK amongst other member states and there is a lack of public interest forcing the EP to take more control. If the EU public were more federalist in its attitude, in line with France and Germany, perhaps the EP would have more power and cooperation from member state governments.

  1. What Are The Functions Of The Four EU Institutions? How Are European Laws Made?

    It is the role of the Advocates General to propose to the Court, in complete independence, a legal solution to the cases for which they are responsible. The Advocate General's Opinion, although often in fact followed, is not binding on the Court.

  2. The EU automotive industry currently faces a number of issues. It lags behind the ...

    In 2003, there were 2 court rulings which stated that when doctors were "on-call", they were considered to be on "working time". This caused problems as countries had to raise their spending in the health sector. This may cause problems for companies because if they had a lot of machinery, they would therefore have technicians "on-call".

  1. What does citizenship mean in the European context?

    And thus we are treated to a dispiriting kind of Euro NewSpeak: Vehement denials by all and sundry of the Statal or nation-building character of the Union whilst, at the same time, appealing to Statal and/or national understandings of citizenship and expecting it to provide emotional and psychological attachments --

  2. Economic and political integration between the member states of the European Union means that ...

    Europe has not given a limit to the number of the countries that could join in. This is left open and the countries that wish to join in must fulfil some criteria's that was set down at the Copenhagen European Council in 1993.

  1. Back ground information about the EU

    Economic sectors have to change and carry their part of the responsibility for sustainability. With the issues of global warming raising everyday, the public are getting environmental minded and will tend to buy products that don't affect the environment; the EU introduced the Eco-Label which is used on products that

  2. "To what extent will the proposed EU constitution affect, the procedure for EU/EC negotiation ...

    Treaty adopted by the Community institutions, within the framework of those provisions. That meant that the EC would have the implied power to act in the international sphere in relation to matters with respect to which the EC has the power to act within the Union under the EC Treaty.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work