The Search for independence, Macedonia

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The Search for independence, Macedonia


    The title of the essay is “The Search for independence, Macedonia”, the reason I decided to do this essay on this question is because I have lived and stydied in my society enough to know is it really independent or not.
   Back home I had the chance to talk to people and see their point of view on this matter, of course all of them are patriotic and say that “Macedonia is independend and it will stay independetn forever”.
   But will it stay independent or not is not the argument. My argument is, is the country independent or are the people just deluding themselves. To explain that I stated the Historical bacground from the time of Alexander the Great,Otoman Empire,Balkan Wars, First and Second World War, Period of Yugoslavian Federation till the end of the Federation and the final gaining of independence for Macedonia. So after the whole process of struglle troughout the centuries from the time when it was a great empire and now when it is an insignificant part of the world did Macedonia sucseed to raise itself or did it fall in the darkness forever, long time ago?

     I am clearly stating in the conclusion that until the country overcomes all the obsticales sated in the essay  it will not acheeve its full independence because there will be the other countries to give statements like the ones where they say that all the culture and tradition belongs to them.Of course forgeting about the fact  that long time ago we were all slavs and some of the traditions are common for all the region. but I hope that it will happen like the rest of the Macedonian people.


    Macedonia is a crossroads where East and West meet, where European and Asian civilizations unite to create new values.

Macedonia is the heart of Balkan Peninsula.  Something that is shown, as true is that Macedonian geography had its contribution to a lot of problems connected with Macedonian’s independence. Macedonia with its valleys full of graves, rivers and lakes with churches and monasteries built around them, a mountain with caves is the right place where History and Geography meet.

    Looking at the past, we can see that Balkan Peninsula usually mean endless conflicts and wars, conspiracies and murders, undignified human being, misfortune and suffering. And however, Macedonian’s lakes have shined like mirrors among all the rivers of blood and the towns in flames.

    On the other hand Balkan Peninsula also mean Alexander the Grate’s venture, place where Christ’s apostles brought Christianity, where the Son of God spoke Slavic for the firs time, where the great educator, Clement of Ohrid laid the foundations of Slavic literature. And one of first conclusion that is imposing is undoubtedly that, the Macedonian people have survived in this Balkan Peninsula thanks to its own culture as creative gift and despite all the horrors of war and sufferings.

    If we speak about the Macedonian history we found that it has been interpreted in different ways, from different aspects and viewpoints. It has been usurped falsified, supplemented and altered. Written by others, who did not have a lot of knowledge, it has been adjusted depending on interests. Usually it has been broadened and narrowed, according to the situation and various interests.

    Exactly the individuality of Macedonia has been disputed. To Macedonia and Macedonian’s were given different names, difficult to pronounce and difficult to remember. Statues of kings and gods have been demolished, old manuscripts have been burnt, and graves have been erased. Books written in Macedonian language have been burnt by Bulgarians and Greeks in order to deny the existance of the language.Also a lot of creative achievements produced during the centuries in Macedonia have been disappeared, and nobody knows how.

    But despite all attempts, despite long domination, despite the destruction’s, migrations, deportations and naming and renaming, the Macedonian people hardly but anyway succeeded to preserve its individuality, as well as individuality of its culture and as result to create independence of own state.

Macedonia, therefore, exists and endures by the rules of its own development and by its own manner.

Basic data on Macedonia

    Macedonia is South European-state on the Balkan Peninsula, bounded by Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Greece and Albania. It belongs to the group of small continental states. Such geographical features beside the above-mentioned negative influences, on other side give broad opportunities for geographic connections, traffic communications and economic links. Macedonia is mountainous country with many lowlands. As well as Macedonia is characterized by develop hydrographic net. As population concerned Macedonia has one of most complex ethnic population in Europe. Macedonian Slavs made up 67 percent of the population. These people are traditionally Orthodox Christians and speak a South Slavic language called Macedonian. Neighboring Bulgaria does not recognize Macedonian as separate language. While the overall population growth rate in Macedonia is relatively low, the ethnic Albanians have a growth rate substantially higher than that of the Macedonians. That growth rate is in disorder with the economy growth rate, which is one serious problem.

In relation to the age structure it is interesting to mention that the number of people between ages 0-19 for instance in capital Skopje make up to 30.0 percent of the total population. This means there is the possibility for rising number of people looking for employment when unemployment is constantly large problem.

Macedonia throughout History

    I have mentioned before that the Balkan’s history was characterized by military and political strife. Because Balkan Peninsula was politically and economically important as an let say bridge between Europe and Asia and the main way from the Mediterranean Sea to the Black Sea, conflicts between Balkan peoples and nations had been common. Balkans also has played a key role in European power struggles, for example a huge conflict like the First World War started there.

    However Macedonia existed as an independent state as early as the ancient period. It was a slave-owning society located on the territory known by the same name, but previously called Ematia. Ancient Macedonia had bordered with Greece in south, Epirus in the west, Illyria in the northwest and Thrace in the East. The population of this state had consisted of various nations. It was supposed that they were all been close to the Illyrians, the Thracians and the Greeks.

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    Apart from this supposition, in the past Macedonia did not have close contacts with the Greek State and culture. Macedonia had its own culture and concerning the state it was organized on a very primitive basis. In the moment when the processes of development entered Macenonia started uniting its territory. Alexander I was the first to unite Macedonia. During the Philip II authority the borders of Macedonia were significantly expanded. He reorganized the military, defeated Greeks and raised Macedonia among the most powerful states. Later, his son, Alexander the Great in the perion of 356 to 323 B.C. ...

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