However, you could argue that despite a few problems in smaller and less populated areas, democratisation on the whole has been largely successful. People in larger cities have more autonomy over the way they are governed, and the elections for Mayor of London have had increasingly higher voter turnouts with 42% voting in the 2021 election which Labour candidate Sadiq Khan won. In 2017, prominent Labour politician Andy Burnham was elected as the Mayor of Manchester, with 573,543 people participating. These posts are not ceremonial and they do effect change, proving that these types of positions are necessary for the general public in these large cities to be represented in another way than just by their MP.
Some people may disagree with this statement, as they believe that modernisation of political institutions have had a large impact on British politics, and the combination of the various acts and bills have ensured that the second chamber of parliament has undergone significant changes since 1997. It has long been an ambition of the Labour Party to tackle what it has seen as both an anachronism and a symbol of class privilege in Britain, and the House of Lords Act 1999 in particular started this process. It removed all but 92 hereditary peers and allowed for the introduction of more nominated life peers, including so-called “people’s peers”. This began the procedure of making the Lords more representative of the modern British public, allowing for more representation of some marginalised groups in western politics, such as BAME or members of the LGBTQ+ community and ensuring that the people in the Lords are well qualified and keen to do their roles. The significance of the process of modernisation to one of the most integral parts of parliament should not be understated, and clearly shows the importance of having an unentrenched constitution to make changes to.
In conclusion, I disagree with this statement as I believe that there have been many significant changes to the British constitution since 1997, not just the ones aforementioned but also including the establishment of devolved legislative bodies in constituent countries of the UK (also known as devolution) and the gradual introduction of more human rights legislation. However, I do think that there is further constitutional reform needed such as introducing an elected component to the House of Lords as despite the changes made, the makeup of the second chamber still does not reflect the social and demographic diversity of the UK, and there is a distinct under representation of ethnic minorities, women, and young people.