• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent is the Labour party still committed to its original principles?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Grace Turner 21st October 2011 ?To what extent is the Labour party still committed to its original principles?? The Labour party has often been referred to as a ?socialist? party. However, this is misleading. For most of its life ? dating back to the eighteenth century, the Labour party has always had less ?radical? ideologies than socialism and British ?socialism? has always been more moderate than elsewhere in Europe. However, the Labour party abandoned a number of its previous principles in favour of new ones, in order to move to the centre ground and enable the party to compete with the Conservatives. It seems that this was ultimately, a successful strategy as it resulted in Labour winning three general elections and beating the Conservatives. Some people are now of the opinion that the Conservatives have, in fact, moved closer to the centre-ground in order to compete with the New Labour party. Within true socialism, there is the idea that the economy should be based upon ?production for use?; everything produced is just enough to satisfy human need and demand. ...read more.

Middle

In most cases, business classes oppose higher wages, mainly due to the fact this conflicts with the need to make profits and generate funds for further investment. Until about the 1930?s, the British Labour party adopted this ?class position? as the Labour has always been forced to consider interests of all the classes in British society, in all of its policies, not just those of the working class. To some extent, the reason for this is the need of electoral support the party has always needed. For a large part of the twentieth century, approximately one third of the British public voted conservative and this meant that, electoral reckoning determined, the Labour party could not win by gaining votes of the other two thirds of the working class alone. Collectivism refers to two main ideas ? the first being that people tend to prefer to achieve goals collectively as opposed to independently and secondly, action is more likely to be taken by people in organised groups than a sum of many different individual actions. ...read more.

Conclusion

An emphasis on low inflation, for example, demonstrated the wider role. Since 1997, the Bank of England has started setting interest rates; cuts in income tax and have started to refuse to return to the more ?sharply progressive? income tax rates of the 1970?s; cuts in some benefits and eagerness to push forward with market reforms of the welfare state. ?New? Labour can also be distinguished from ?old? Labour in terms of a weaker association with the trade union movement and a reduced reliability on working class votes. During its early years, New Labour was a party very much dedicated to reforming and modernising, but it was not a fundamental one. It did not make any significant changes to the policies put forward but the Conservatives, however, it did seek to improve the way in which policy was executed and it has also attempted to make government action more susceptible to the needs of the disadvantaged and minorities in society. Its principle reforms, therefore, have been to the public services and to the welfare state. Over time, the party seems to have turned rapidly to consolidation rather than reform. New Labour tends to focus now on improving the delivery of the policies it has already implemented. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent has the Labour Party today abandoned its core values?

    3 star(s)

    Put simply, under 'old Labour' capitalism was controlled by the state, whereas with New Labour, capitalism is allowed to flourish. This economic view is similar to the differences with regards to economic management. Put frankly, typical socialists believe that the state should interfere in the economy extensively, to maintain its health.

  2. Power and Politics in Organizations: Public and Private Sector Comparisons

    That is, benefits are expected to derive from the fact that the 'market' becomes, in comparison to the more dirigiste state, more Smithian, less concentrated, and less dominated by a handful of competitors who, rhetoric aside, rarely pursue the general welfare but rather much narrower considerations.

  1. Is Labour Still Socialist Party?

    Thatcher and major both used the winter of discontent in their election campaigns but however Blair decides to call the part new labour and get away from that image and wins in 1995 showing that the change did work. He then rewrote clause 4 and turned it from a explicit

  2. Wilted Socialist Rose?: Changing fortunes of the French Socialist Party

    Mitterrand's push for more justice in the form of greater government spending to create full employment, combined with high inflation of the 1980s, had no lasting effect on unemployment because of "incurable supply-side constraints" (Thomsen 2001). Finally, it was the questionable attempt of the PS to rebuild an alliance of

  1. Socialist uses of workers' inquiry

    There would be no profit-making and no class division-just independent producers exchanging goods for their mutual benefit. But it is doubtful whether such an economy has ever existed. The nearest that may have come to it would have been in some of the early colonial settlements in North America.

  2. What are the main ideological principles of the conservatives, Labour and Liberal democrats? To ...

    The Labour party declared that because of the free-market policies during the Thatcher and Major "a serious growth of social divisions and alienation" has occurred and to counter it, policies, which are non-socialist, had to be introduced. The party now believes in constitutional reform and modernisation, reform on the welfare

  1. Political Parties, Role and Ideology/Policies Qa (i) Ideology is the core fundamental beliefs ...

    It was then argued that this action was a major cause of voter apathy, the working class felt unrepresented and that they were being taken advantage of and simply became fed up of what they thought was the corrupt and underhanded nature of British politics Moreover when you couple this

  2. Russia's Political Party System as an Obstacle to Democratization

    The one major institutional change that occurred was the superimposing of a presidential system onto the existing government. Since neither Yeltsin nor the parliamentary members owed their positions to party connections, the role of parties in politics was marginalized. Politics became the province of technocratic elites applying democratic formulas from above (Sakwa 1995, 174).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work