On the 29th of November 1947 the United Nations passed a resolution of the calling of Jews around the world to re-establish their own state. But the British were cheating both the Jews and the Arabs because they said that were going to help the Jews to re-establish their homeland and also said to the Arabs (Palestinians) that they were going to help them defeat the Jews and take them out of Palestine. But when the British could not handle it in Palestine to stop the two sides from fighting they said that they where going to leave Palestine and hand over the problems to the United Nations. The United Nations worked hard day and night to come up with an idea, a Patrician Plan. They said that Palestine would be divided and parts of it would be given to the Arabs and the Jews. The Arabs were given three parts of Palestine and the Jews one whole part and the city of Jerusalem would be controlled by the United Nations. Which they did not agree on because at that time the population of the Arabs in Palestine was 65% and the land offered was 40% and in the Jews case the population was 35% and the land offered was 60%. Another problem for the Arabs was the River Jordan that ran straight through Jewish territory, so if there was a war the Jewish could cut of the water supply for the Arabs.
President Truman, who was the President of the United States of America, said he would help the Jews because at that time they were elections happening in America and in New York alone they were 100,000 Jewish votes and he wanted them. So he helped the Jews and this is exactly what the Jews needed. America at this point was also one of the powerfulness country and the Arabs had no chance of defeating the Americans.
But the problem was that Palestine was not just empty land the Arabs where living there and owned the land. They even reclaimed that Palestine was their National Homeland.
The catastrophe that really shocked the world was the massacre of millions of Jews in Europe, which was caused by the German Nazi’s. The survivors of the Holocaust in The Second World War who brought tears to the safe Jewish community many homeless Jews now just about had enough and wanted back there `Jafe`
In 1897 the Father of Zionism Theodor Herzl witnessed Anti-Semitism in the country of France. This shocked him and forced him to take immediate action of the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland, in where he began to raise funds to help Jews to settle in Palestine. It was Theoder Herzl dream that there would be a Jewish state. On the 2nd of November 1917 The Balfour declaration recognised that Jews needed help to rebuild their national and promised homeland.
There are many reasons of why the state of Israel was declared in 1948. Israel was the birthplace of the Jewish people and nation. The Jews have tried many times to re-establish their homeland, which was still known to be Palestine. Since the Roman times the Jews have never had a homeland and have been scattered all over the world. The Jews believe that Israel is their promised land and promised by God himself. The Jews even claim that God made them a covenant (agreement). The Jews/Israelis/Zionist claim that Palestine is their promised land to God’s promised and chosen people.
After a lot of thinking by Ben Gurion and what Sheikh Abdullah would do if he declared a Jewish Homeland, he took the opportunity and on the 14th of May 1948 declared a Jewish State, to be called “Israel”. But David Ben Gurion still needed reconisation of the Jewish State from the United Nations.