• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe and Evaluate the Multi-store model of Memory.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Chloe-Louise Applewhite Describe and evaluate the multi-store model of memory? Atkinson and Shiffrins multi-store model consists of three hypothetical stores; the sensory Store, the short term memory and the long term memory. They suggested that that, the Multi-store model (MSM) was linear, there for all information must go through all the stores. They also suggested information enters the system from the environment, through the several stores which are our five senses. They constantly receive information; most of this information doesn?t have much attention paid to it. There for if you focus attention on to the sensory stores; it is then transferred to the Short-term memory (STM) acoustically. Then the Information is then rehearsed; this then helps the information to be transferred from STM to the Long-term memory (LTM) ...read more.


The results showed that condition 1 participants showed primacy effect, which is the words they heard first, and the recency effect which is where they only recalled the last few words in the list. Participants in condition 2 only showed only the primacy effect as they only remembered words from the start of the list. This study supports the MSM by providing evidence that memory is in three distinct stores. The primacy effect, is where information processed earlier is constantly being rehearsed, which results in the information being encoded in to the LTM. The recency effect is where the last bit of information processed into your memory due to the 18-30 second duration rate, thus easily recalled. In the LTM, the capacity is unlimited due to the infinite rate of duration, the information may last all of your life here. ...read more.


However the study was very high in ecological validity as it was a real life situation. Despite giving evidence that there are separate stores of memory, the H.M study cannot be used to explain why his LTM was intact, whereas H.M?s STM was damaged as the MSM suggests that all information must pass through the STM to reach the LTM, hence the referral to it being a linear model. The MSM is also criticised for being oversimplified compared to other models, such as the working memory model, which study suggest STM is three different stores. It?s oversimplified because, it focusses mainly on structure, and too little on the processes of memory. It also uses a lot of lap experiments, there for you are more likely to have demand characteristics. Lastly the LTM may help us interpret information in our STM, but in the MSM, there is no such suggestion or enough emphasis on the short term, or long term components. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Describe and evaluate the Multi-store Model of memory.

    3 star(s)

    Results show best recall was the first and last items - the first items rehearsed into the LTM and the last items recalled from the STM. The ones in the middle were less likely to be recalled. This shows evidence for existence of several stores, including a STM and a LTM.


    The mean was calculated by adding up all the values, and dividing it by how many of the value there is. The median again shows that group 1 performed better having a median of 8.5 whereas group 2 has a median of 6.5.

  1. Describe and evaluate the multistore model of memory

    For example, some studies have shown there is more than one part to the short term store and that instead of stores there could in fact be different layers of memory. It is also argued that the idea of separate stores could misrepresent memory; in the MSM memories move from the STM to LTM through elaborative rehearsal but Logie (1999)

  2. Investigating the short-term memory

    Participant's signatures were used as a means of the participants agreeing to all the process involved in the experiment, although participants will be referred to by numbers in the write up. The experimenter will ensure that all information collected from the participants remains confidential and anonymous.

  1. Describe the application of behaviorist perspectives in health and social care. Describe the application ...

    In hand this will produce rebelling against things as they have a negative concept of themselves so will show negative behaviors. Explain the value of the cognitive perspective in supporting individuals. (P5) The cognitive psychological approach was formed in the 1960s.

  2. The effect of primacy and recency on recall

    list, such as the list of nouns he used, they recall the information from both STM and LTM. Pieters and Bijmolt (1997) investigated consumer memory for television advertising. This study holds great relevance to the study I will be carrying out as it concerns advertising.

  1. Outline and Evaluate the Multi Store Model of Memory and One Alternative Model

    recalling semantically dissimilar words than when they were asked to recall words with similar meanings. Acoustic similarity appeared to have no effect in the long-term memory trial. From these findings Baddeley was able to conclude that whilst short-term memory depends heavily on acoustic encoding, long-term memory depends heavily on semantic encoding.

  2. Outline and evaluate the multi store model of memory.

    apart from that of the Short term memory stores and long term memory stores. However, the reliability of this study can also be brought into question since it is a case study, so has all the problems which occur with a case study, as stated above.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work