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Dibs In Search of Self:Book Report

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Introduction

Dibs In Search of Self Author: Virginia M. Axline Play therapy is a method in which therapists use a form of psychotherapy to better understand and communicate with a child through the child's fantasies and the symbolic meanings of his or her play. Play therapy is used to treat problems that are hindering a child's normal development such as, but not limited to; temper tantrums, aggressive behavior, non-medical problems related to bed-wetting and bowel control and a child's strong expression of worries or fears. It is also used to treat children who have experienced sexual or physical abuse or neglect. The intendment of play therapy is to diminish these behavioral and emotional asperities and guide the child towards a level of normal functioning. Immanent in this design is improved communication and understanding between the child and his parents. Additional intention is to improve the child's abilities in regards to verbal expression and self-observation. Through play therapy the child also learns impulse control and coping mechanisms to help the child with anxiety and frustration. Most remunerating is possibly the child's improved capabilities to trust and relate to others. When treating the child, the therapist uses an understanding of cognitive development, recognition of the different stages of emotional development and the conflicts common to these stages. "We know that research is a fascinating combination of hunches, speculation, subjectivity, imagination, hopes, and dreams, blended precisely with objectively gathered facts tied down to the reality of a mathematical science. ...read more.

Middle

"How could a child have concealed so well this wealth of intellectual substance that was so close beneath the surface of his resistive external behavior?" (pg 61) Abnormal psychology is defined as the branch of psychology that deals with modes of behavior, mental phenomena, etc., that deviate markedly from the standards believed to characterize a well-adjusted personality. The case of Dibs is an eminent example of Childhood Abnormal Psychology. Defining and classifying what is abnormal in children can be difficult. Childhood is a crucial time for the development of positive and negative competency beliefs about the self that protect against or induce many childhood disorders. Perceived losses during childhood play a key role in the development of negative patterns, which in turn aid with the storage and processing of information in a dysfunctional manner. Dubious parenting and negative life events during childhood are two important factors that may foment the development of cognitive pathology for many abnormal childhood disorders. The information passed on through the "parenting" of the child's caregivers is incorporated by the child during "self-concept" cognitive development. Children who develop positive views of their self are parented by feelings of warmth, acceptance and high levels of positive reinforcement. Parenting characterized by criticism, rejection, and low levels of warmth and positive reinforcement convey negative self-relevant information, thereby formulating more detrimental views of themselves and of their care-takers. ...read more.

Conclusion

"I don't know how I could have done this, she cried. I couldn't bear to admit to myself that I had done anything that had caused his problems" (pg 165). I cannot imagine how I would feel if I realized that I was actually the blame for my own child's insufficiencies. Virginia Axline writes a textbook "step-by-step" on the effective use of child play therapy and how it can be used to treat the even most emotionally disturbed child. I can easily assume that it would also be effective in treating other childhood disorders that derive communication issues, like possibly autism? Dibs's high IQ did leave me wondering about what exactly did contribute to it in spite of uncompassionate home life he endured? There has to be some efficacious conclusions from teachings of his mother and could they possibly be used as a staple in the intellectual development of other children? Combine the intellectual stimuli he experienced with positive emotional stimulation, it leaves one asking if this could be a formula for other parents to properly follow to insure the advanced intellectual development of their own children? If children that are born with a known predisposed developmental issue are given the same advanced intellectual stimuli could they also possibly developed beyond typical expectations? ?? ?? ?? ?? Page | 1 ...read more.

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An expressive essay exploring the theme of play therapy and the well-known case study o f Dibs with fluency of psychological terms and evidence of careful thought.

Marked by teacher Stephanie Porras 20/03/2013

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