• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the Cognitive Approach to Treating Disorders.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Transfer-Encoding: chunked ´╗┐Cognitive approach (12 marks) Becks cognitive triad is the first model. It describes how people?s disorders can be caused by negative views about themselves, about the world and about the future. These beliefs can feed into each other which continues disorders such as depression. Then there is Ellis?s ABC model also explains abnormality through beliefs and behavioural consequences. This model suggests that an activating event causes beliefs these are either rational or irrational. These can lead to consequences; desirable or undesirable emotions and desirable or undesirable behaviour. It is the irrational beliefs and consequences that maintain disorders such as depression. Cognitive biases can be internal, global or stable. Depressed people use cognitive biases to view the world. ...read more.

Middle

Also the approach is reductionistic as it reduces psychopathology down to a simple set of factors which reduces the validity of the approach. Lastly, it?s not clear if the negative thoughts lead to disorders such as depression or depression leads to negative thoughts. Therefore the cause and effect cannot be inferred reducing the validity of the approach Treatments One treatment for the cognitive approach is Beck?s CBT. The first stage is when the therapist and client agree on nature of problems and goals for the therapy. Stage 2 is when the therapist challenges the client?s negative thoughts and aims for client to realise irrational thoughts and encourage positive thoughts. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also cognitive approach ignores genetics and biological factors in abnormality. CBT also avoids in depth probing associated with psychoanalysis. Some may find the diary keeping and self-monitoring associated with CBT stressful. Lastly, emphasis on CBT is on cognitive change or restructuring and behavioural change, without cognitive change is unlikely to help a depressed person. Another treatment is Ellis?s REBT (rational emotive behavioural therapy). An event activates irrational thoughts which lead to negative emotions. Ellis believes people maintain negative emotion by always telling themselves how inadequate they are. The first stage the therapist and client identify negative situation. Then the therapist helps rationalise the situation and show them a realistic perspective. This therapy is more confrontational approach than beck which makes this therapy more effective. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. How Minority views afects Majority - Conformity

    One main reason why field experiment has been chosen is that, there will be less demand characteristics as participants may not know they are in an experiment. Furthermore, there is high ecological validty in field experiments as participants will be unaware that they are in a experiment, and answer naturally.

  2. Evaluate 3 Approaches to treating Mental Disorders: Psychodynamic, Biological and Behavioural Approach.

    This links back to the assumptions of the approach, where childhood experiences may have an effect on the adult personality. People who suffer trauma during the oral stage between 0-1 years old, where the id is developed can become excessively dependant on others and have psychological problems with food or drink e.g.

  1. Discuss the Behavioural Approach to Treating Phobias

    The therapist trains the client to visualise the least feared situation which perform relaxation technique once they feel comfortable they are asked to imagine the next situation on the hierarchy the same process happens. Over sessions the client will cope with every level of the hierarchy, although they can stop at any time and restart at a lower level.

  2. Discuss the Main Treatments for Schizophrenia

    Atypical versus Conventional Antipsychotics- Although the introduction of the new ?atypical? antipsychotics raised expectations for the outcomes possible with medication, a meta-analysis of studies revealed that the superiority of these drugs compared with conventional antipsychotics was only moderate (LEUCH ET AL.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work