Learning. Throughout this paper I will explain classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and imitation of modeling.

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Psychology: Learning

According to an ancient Chinese proverb, “Learning is a treasure that will follow its owner everywhere.”  I believe this is true for everyone.  Learning is something people do everyday of their lives. It is a lasting change in behavior that results from experience.  Throughout this paper I will explain classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and imitation of modeling.  

Classical conditioning is a process of learning that changes the behavior of an individual by rewarding or punishing each time an action is performed.  The conditioning continues until the individual associates the action with pleasure or distress.  Generalization occurs when a person or animal responds similarly to a similar stimulus.  Extinction is when the result of a conditioned response decreases or disappears, such as when a conditioned stimulus is no longer accommodated with an unconditioned stimulus.  Classical conditioning can be applied to almost everyone at some point in their life.  This is especially true for me.  Ever since I can remember I have been afraid of lady bugs.  My brother would chase me around with them and tell me they were going to hurt me if one landed on me.  After being classically conditioned twelve years ago, I am still afraid of lady bugs.  Generalization can also be applied to my fear of lady bugs.  Whenever I hear a low buzzing noise I get nervous and want to move away from it as soon as possible.  However, most of the time it ends up being a different kind of bug and I have generalized it with a lady bug.  Throughout the years of my classical conditioning, I have yet to experience the extinction of my fear of lady bugs.  However, I am less terrified than I was before.  In this story, one can identify the components of classical conditioning the NS, UCS, CS, CR, and UCR.  The UCS is my brother yelling and chasing me, the UCR is me being afraid and running away from him, the NS is ladybugs, the CS is also lady bugs, and the CR is me being scared.  

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        Aside from classical conditioning there is also operant conditioning.  Operant conditioning is a process of learning that happens through rewards and punishments for different behavior.  It is also an association made between a behavior and a consequence for the behavior being done.  Reinforcement is the immediate reaction following a particular response with a reward to help strengthen that response.  Punishment is the addition of a negative stimulus in order to lessen a response.  Lastly, scheduling is the timing and occurrence of reinforcement (also called scheduling reinforcement).  There are two main types of scheduling reinforcement: continues reinforcement (the desired behavior being ...

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