Outline and evaluate one psychological therapy for schizophrenia (12) + outline how the learning approach would explain the maintenance of gambling (4)

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a.) Outline and evaluate one psychological therapy for schizophrenia (12)

Cognitive behavioural therapy is a type of psychotherapy in which negative thoughts of oneself, or triggers to the onset of their psychotic symptoms are identified so they can develop their own methods of coping with the disorder. Tarrier used strategies including distraction, concentrating on a specific task and positive self-talk, as well as relaxation techniques such as focusing on your breathing. The client is then given homework tasks to make sure the strategies are being practiced.

This method was proved to be quite effective when Tarrier et al. found a significant alleviation of symptoms when comparing a group who had gone through the coping strategy enhancement, and a control group, who had not been treated. He also found that those who were being treated had more effective coping skills, and showed improvement of effectiveness as well. This shows that the coping strategy enhancement is effective as it provides people with strategies to help cope with their disorder and control their symptoms.

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Another form of cognitive behavioural therapy is based on the work of Beck and Ellis. The main aim of their therapy was to alleviate negative and irrational beliefs about oneself by challenging them. For example, the therapist would ask for evidence that supports a particular delusion and the client would be encouraged to come up with more plausible explanations.

Many researchers such as Kupers et al. have studied this method and it has been found to be effective, as it significantly reduces the severity of delusional symptoms. However, this method has been further improved by the Integrated Psychology ...

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