• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Summary of Eyewitness Testimony and Improving Memory

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Summary of Eyewitness Testimony and Improving Memory Eyewitness Testimony Eyewitness Testimony refers to an account given by people of an event they have witnessed. For example they may be required to give a description at a trail of a robbery or a road accident someone has seen. This includes identification of perpetrators, details of the crime scene etc. EWT can be influenced by lots of things, including leading questions, anxiety and age. The Reconstructive Nature of Memory is where we tend to encode only the 'bare bones' of an event. When we then recall information, we unconsciously 'flesh out' these bare bones using common sense and logic. ...read more.

Middle

A series of actions can help - first you did this, then you did that and so on until you reach your memory. Context-dependency - memories are context-dependent, meaning that they are linked to the situation in which they were encoded. Cognitive Interview uses four techniques: reinstate the context, change sequence, change perspective and report everything. Reinstate the context - help the interviewers go back in their mind to the context in which they encoded the memory. Change sequence - changing the order in which events are recalled can be very beneficial as it ensures details are not skipped and gaps can be filled. Change perspective - interviewers are encouraged to recall events from the perspective of an observer. ...read more.

Conclusion

Narrative Chaining - If you like making up stories, then you may prefer this method of remembering lists. This can be used for a list of any length, and involves the items to be remembered being incorporated into a story, which is then run through in your mind when you need to recall the items. Acronyms - form a word or phrase from the first letters of a list of items to be remembered. Elaboration - it is where information is made meaningful and therefore encoded in a way that suits long-term memory. Keyword Technique - a three stage technique. 1. Acoustic stage - the word is pronounced. 2. Visual image stage - make an image out of the 'item' and the English word. 3. Rehearsal stage - rehearse the image and commit it to memory. This technique is particularly good for learning a foreign vocabulary. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay


Summary

The writer has not written this essay in the correct format. This work looks more like a revision tool. As a revision tool it is okay, but as an essay the work needs to be written in much more detail with studies cited and referenced. If the writer takes on board the comments made, then this work could receive a much higher score.

Rating 2*

Marked by teacher Linda Penn 10/09/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Cognitive Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    In this essay I am going to contrast and compare three approaches in psychology ...

    4 star(s)

    Techniques of self-help and self-improvement can also be a weakness in humanism when the clients are withdrawn or seriously disturbed, and/or when the client prefers to be given guidance instead of to guide him.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Define short-term memory and describe the main factors that influence the number of items ...

    4 star(s)

    According to Watkins and Watkins (1975 [5]) the effectiveness of the cue is determined by the degree of cue overload. Nairne (2002 [5]) concludes that on build up trials, the cue becomes overloaded and the performance suffers but on release trials, the conceptual cue specifies the items on the correct trial and performance improves.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Describe and Evaluate 2 Models Of Memory

    4 star(s)

    It is more likely to be retained that way, according to the diagram. If only physical features are noted, then the processing is at structural level, meaning it is not very likely to be retained. This suggests that the visual encoding does not happen very often in STM and LTM.

  2. Investigate the effects of Imagery on Memory recall: Visual Aid & Memory Recall

    It requires the use of ordinal data, making it the most suitable test to use. (Observed Value) New Value of U = 35 Critical Value of U = 23 Level of Significance: 5% (P = 0.05) The observed value (new value of U)

  1. Free essay

    Correlation between age and sleep

    But to understand the correlation firstly we need to understand sleep. Study conducted by Dement and Kleitman (1957) helps us to understand more about sleep. Falling asleep is not a passive activity. Our healthy (and normal) sleep consists of two basic stages: REM (rapid eye movement)

  2. A study investigating the effects of categorisation on recall

    At the end of the list, the participant then wrote down as many words as they could remember. When they had finished the second list was delivered orally as before. The participant again wrote down as many words as they could remember.

  1. Critically assess Piaget's theory of cognitive development

    concluded that it was a lack of understanding rather than egocentrism that prevented them from doing the task correctly (http://www.psychology4a.com). Pre-operational children also lack the ability to understand that some things remain unchanged despite them looking visibly different. Piaget thought that this was because children of this age are unable

  2. Investigation Into How Grouping Words Can Affect Memory

    of different stores, particularly two which are controlled by a central system called the central executive. They propose that there is one store for visual processing ? the visuo-spatial sketchpad and one for processing sounds ? the phonological loop. The visuo-spatial sketchpad deals with what information looks like and how it is laid out.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work