• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate Aristotles view that the soul is mortal and inseparable from the body, making reference to Plato.

Extracts from this document...


Transfer-Encoding: chunked Evaluate Aristotle?s view that the soul is mortal and inseparable from the body, making reference to Plato Aristotle argued that a living creature is substance made of two parts body and soul. The soul of which is form and the body, matter. He argued that the body and soul are two interdependent parts of a human that rely on each other. When the body dies as does the soul, there was no separation at death and no afterlife. Aristotle placed great emphasis on physical world and the forces adopted within this. On the other hand, Plato was a dualist and believed that the soul was the single most important part of a person and believed in the importance of moral concepts, ideas and the afterlife. Aristotle was Plato?s most prized student, but disagreed with him on a lot of cases, these disagreements came from fundamental differences between the two philosophers as Plato was a rationalist whilst Aristotle was empiricist. Plato believed in the ideal realm, which is a pre-existence of the soul, in other words us in soul form without a body. ...read more.


This would also contradict both Aristotle & Plato?s theistic point of views which argued that God only blew the breath of soul in to people. A problem comes for philosophers including Aristotle in the distinction between the body and soul. Aristotle quite elegantly put through his theory using an analogy of an axe. Arguing that is a person were a metaphorical axe, then its body would be made of metal & wood, however the soul would be the thing to actually make it an axe, without it, it would be nothing but metal and wood, the soul adds the swinging capacity that gives it use. If it lost its soul it would no longer be an axe. For Aristotle what was really important was the end purpose of the object. An axe to chop, an eye to see, a teacher to teach. Aristotle, unlike Plato dualist theories, believed that the body and soul are different parts of the same overall being. This does not allow for the immortality of the soul. ...read more.


As Plato argues that opposite forms may not exist in the same object. For example an axe cannot be both sharp and blunt. As the soul derives life through association with the form of life it cannot admit death. This association leads to an immortal soul trapped in a constant cycle of being embodied then escaping at death to return to the ideal realm, and then reborn into another human body. In conclusion I disagree with Aristotle?s view that the soul is mortal and inseparable from the body, although I credit him for his strong arguments and analogy of the axe. The main reason for my support of Plato does not come from Plato himself, but from a rationalist standpoint. My key concern with Aristotle?s work on this matter is that it doesn?t fully combat the idea of innate knowledge of which is key. Chomsky?s linguistic arguments have also been backed up by experiments with animals of which are smarter than a three year old child yet have not been able to learn a basic form of language. Proving to me that there is some form of pre-existing soul possibly from the soul having lived before or from the ideal realm. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Philosophy essays

  1. compare Plato and Aristotle's view of the soul

    Forming the outer appearance the body uses senses to make opinions about the physical world in which it belongs. However in Plato's opinion it could not reach the "world of the forms" in any way. The body is constantly changing and therefore not truly real.

  2. Explain Plato's and Aristotle's ideas of form, body, knowledge and soul.

    Such familiar, concrete things as trees, human bodies and animals, which can be known through the senses, are merely shadowy, imperfect copies of their Forms. For every sense object in the empirical world, there is a corresponding perfect Form. These Forms are non-physical, permanent, eternal, and invisible.

  1. Compare and contrast Plato's concept of the Body and Soul with Aristotle's.

    It's not the Soul itself, as Plato believes but it's the reason of the living thing or object. The reason is the specific qualities that a person or object has. Aristotle wrote "Suppose then that eye were an animal-sight would have been its Soul...

  2. Comparison of Plato and Aristotle's views of how knowledge is obtained and the body ...

    The form of something is its structure, and its characteristics, it can always be perceived by the senses. Aristotle used the word 'substance' to express the material of which things are made of. For example, the substances of a table are: wood, nails and glue and the form of a

  1. Evaluate plato and aristotle on well being

    we cognise through perception, appearances are temporary, changing, fallible and subject to doubt. Although Plato also believed that there is an infallible, eternal, unchanging realm; the realm of the forms. The forms are independent of the mind 'metaphysical entities' as real as anything we cognise through are empirical senses.

  2. Evaluate the claim that the soul is distinct from the body:

    but argued at the same time that this does not weaken the possibility of life after death. John Hicks thought experiment (An omnipotent God can produce a ?replica? of us that shares the same physical body and non-physical traits) can be used to describe resurrection that there may be life

  1. Explain the fundamental ideas of resurrection and immortality of the soul. (18)

    Richard Carrier argues that ?God gives it a body as he has determined? therefore God provides us with a body based on our morality. However other scholars such as Jake O?Connell argue that the physical body will become the spiritual body based on the 1 Corinthians where it says the perishable body will ?put on the imperishable?.

  2. Examine the concepts of immortality of the soul with resurrection of the body - ...

    Can it be justified that it was Jesus who they really saw? The disciples could see that Jesus bore the scars of where he had been nailed to the cross, this brings us to our next observation: Are the sick and handicapped cured upon resurrection?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work