Explain Anselm and Descartes ontological argument

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Explain Anselm and Descartes ontological argument (25 marks)

The ontological argument attempts to prove the existence of God, using an a priori method where no empirical evidence is required. The argument begins with an explanation of God and that is not a contingent being God is necessary and exists without a creator. The ontological argument uses logic and the concept that is absurd to say that God does not exist as its main argument; to say that god does not exist is illogical as you have already accepted the idea of God, as stated in the bible Psalm 14:1 “the fool says in his heart God does not exist.”

Anselm (1033-1109) put the ontological argument forward in his book “Proslogion.”Anselm starts the argument with a definition of God, stating God is “that than which nothing greater can be conceived” this is stating that if God is the greatest being that can be thought of therefore God must exist. Moreover as Anselm is a Benedictine monk he already believes in God therefore it is easier for Anselm to understand the concept of his argument. However for an atheist the argument is harder to understand.

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 The second part to the argument is “that it is impossible for God not to exist” this is stating that God is a necessary existence. Similarly the argument work as if god is that nothing greater can be conceived, something that can be thought to exist is greater than anything which can be thought not to exist e.g. it is greater to have a pile of money than to think of money, therefore it is impossible to think that God does not exist.   This part of Anselm’s argument is stating that God is a necessary being and that everything ...

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