Absolute morality condemns certain actions totally. For example, the 10 commandments said that we should never kill. So even if killing one person could save a larger number of people, it is always wrong. Also, even if it is tradition in some cultures or if a society sees it as acceptable at the time, it is still wrong. People who are absolutists would say that it is our duty to not kill, no matter the consequences.
Absolute morality helps us to make easy decisions. There is no consideration of the individuals or motives behind each case, and no exceptions are made. It also means that everyone is in a theory treated equally all around the world so it supports human rights. For example a rape victim in Africa should get the same justice done for them as a rape victim living in America.
Absolute Christian ethics looks at the Divine Command theory. This says that everything God commands is good, even if it is to murder, torture or rape. We shouldn’t question what God commands.
Natural law is absolute because Aquinas said there are 5 primary precepts that we should follow. Everything that we do should be a secondary precept of the primary precepts. However you could argue that the secondary precepts are more flexible.
In conclusion, absolute ethics tells us what is right or wrong without looking at the situation or consequences. Morals do not change with over time or in different cultures. It is a deontological theory that means we all have a duty to do what is right. It can help us to make rapid decisions because nothing needs to be considered when deciding what is right or wrong.
What went well: Good use of examples, lots of clear points, well planned
Even better if: Mention the absolute theories in more detail and relate directly to the question
- No acceptation for different cultures
- condemns certain actions fully
- Helps us to make easy, quick decisions
- Supports human rights)