- Explain what Aristotle meant by final cause
This essay will focus on what Aristotle meant by the final cause.
Aristotle was an empiricist; meaning he believed that all knowledge came from sensory experience. Although he was taught by Plato and lived with him for the larger portion of his life, he disagreed much with Plato’s philosophy and theory of forms. He believed that rather than there being another realm which was perfect, this world itself was transient and subject to change. Plato’s belief of dualism was discarded by Aristotle as he believed that everything is being pulled to the Prime Mover which is what Aristotle called the perfect, eternal being i.e. God. “Aristotle's idea of nature was more 'supernatural' than modern ideas have a tendency to be”
Aristotle argued that we must acquire knowledge of what things are made of, look like and what their purpose is in order for us to understand the world around us. He introduced the idea of the ‘Four Causes; the Material Cause, Formal cause, Efficient cause and Final cause.