• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Give an account of the missionary outreach of the Celtic Church in Britain? (35 Marks)

Extracts from this document...


Give an account of the missionary outreach of the Celtic Church in Britain? (35 Marks) The missionary outreach of the Celtic Church in Britain was a big success. This was mainly due to the work of a number of important peregrini. Peregrination is "the pilgrimage for Christ". This follows that the peregrine were "pilgrims for Christ". However, Gougaud rightly warns us against this literal translation, as it implies that they make a pilgrimage to a shrine, and then once the visit has been made, the pilgrim returns home and "resumes his normal life." In this case then, the early Celtic peregrini were not, strictly speaking pilgrims, because in the vast majority of cases, they were leaving their homes, never to return, in a state of permanent, voluntary exile. The peregrini worked by either re-evangelising those who had lapsed into pagan ways, or converting the polytheists to monotheism. Colmcille turned his back on what could have been an illustrious political career in the U� N�ill dynasty. He was forever faithful to religion over politics, and was first and foremost a priest and a monk, before a political leader. His Church was very much a missionary Church and he aimed to create a living and vibrant faith throughout the land. ...read more.


Unlike Colmcille, whose main evangelising took placer in Pictish territory, the monks of Iona moved south to focus on evangelising the Saxon territory. In terms of Aidan's life and achievements, he can be very much composed to Colmcille. According to Finlay, Aidan "marks the period of the great expansion of the Columban Church" Oswald, the son of a Bernicia king was banished with his brothers after his father was slayed. Here he became Christian, and is said to have spent time in Iona. After praying for a victory, Oswald regained his father's throne. He immediately sent for a monk who would be willing to preach the Word of God in his kingdom. Corman was initially chosen, but failed. A monk spoke up, saying that too much had been expected of the pagan Angles, and that St Paul's maxim regarding "milk for the babes" needed to be applied, in that before any real change could take place, they would have to be weaned and nurtured. This monk was Aidan, and after boldly speaking out, he was immediately chosen to replace Corman. Bede was filled with admiration for Aidan, and called him "a man of singular meekness, piety and moderations." ...read more.


Blaan was born in 565, near Kingarth, where his uncle St Catan, had founded a monastery. Although there is some uncertainty regarding whether he was a Pict or a Briton, he trained as a monk at Bangor, under the abbot Comgall. There are numerous church dedications to him in Strathclyde, Dunblane, and in the Pictish Highlands. James Hutchinson Cockburn sees these as evidence of a "correspondingly wide and effective ministry," and they are very evident to the regard in which Blaan was held. Fursa came from Ireland, and ministered to the East Anglicans. He converted many by example and teaching. Bede tells us that in his desire to be a hermit, he left his brother Foill�n in charge of his foundation. According to John Richard Green, Irish Christianity "flung itself with a fiery zeal into battle with the mass heathenism which was rolling in upon the Christian world." And John Ryan acknowledges that although the conversion of Scotland was down to the Irish and the Britons, the contribution of the Irish monks "far outdistanced" that of the Britons. It is very evident from looking at the works of Colmcille, Aidan and many more peregrine that the contribution that Irish monks made to the missionary outreach in Britain was vital. Charlotte McCaffrey L6 Mrs McCormick ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Christianity section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Christianity essays

  1. Essay on Pauls first missionary journey

    This is the first town were we see Paul and Barnabas struggling to be accepted so as they were told to do in the commission "they shook the dust from their feet and left". Dumais states that "opposition forced him to leave an infant church before he could consolidate his work.

  2. The Celtic Saints are of no lasting significance in the history of Christianity. Discuss ...

    The Saints, Aidan and Ninian founded religious settlements on islands. At the time of their establishment they were religious islands with monasteries situated on them, today, they still remain highly religious and sites of interest. Many Christians still pilgrimage to the islands Iona and Lindisfarne every year, whilst also prompting

  1. Parables. Give an account of the content and teaching of the Good Samaritan and ...

    a Samaritan being exemplified that rather than speaking of his nationality, he simply calls him "the one who had mercy on him."). The subversion of cultural convention is further highlighted by the contrast that is drawn between the responses of the Jewish leaders and the Samaritan.

  2. Manasseh, the King of Judah

    Eventually, Manasseh became a prisoner for twelve long years in a Babylonian dungeon. Manasseh had finally become a slave to his own passions and desires. It was then that Manasseh prayed to the Lord, 2 Chronicles 33:13(New Living Translation): And when he prayed, the Lord listened to him and was moved by his request.

  1. Give an account of the contribution made by Colmcille (Columba) to the development of ...

    It has been suggested by Smyth that he founded Durrow in Ofally, in the 1580's, and that he founded Iona in approximately 563. Some scholars would associate Saint Columba with more than fifty other monasteries. In 561, it is said that Colmcille began to involve himself in politics, with the

  2. Contemporary discussion on Augustine

    order to become real ?children of God? we have to spend our lives learning to choose God instead of following our baser instincts. Jean-Paul Sartre Jean-Paul Sartre is an atheist existentialist philosopher. While Augustine believes that the will and the sinful body are constantly at battle, Sartre believes that battle

  1. The Impact of Missionaries on the Joti Tribe of Venezuela

    The people also believed that the sun and moon were spirits (Sanford). In the JotÑ world view, the earth, or where they lived was made up of three levels. The top level was a paradise with fertile land and endless wildlife to hunt; it was also filled with JotÑ ancestors.

  2. Christianization throughout History. I wanted to find out the true origins of the ...

    Also, in Celtic culture, it was forbidden to eat hare meat except on Beltane (the 1st of May) when a ceremonial hare hunt was held (Beltane is the Celtic name for Easter ? Bel meaning the same as Baal). The hare remains a symbol of luck and fertility even today.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work