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AS and A Level: Hinduism

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  1. What is the Role and Significance of Hindu Temples?

    The temple is central to festivals, for example Durga Puja, and is often the focus of pilgrimages. The priests speak Sanskrit preventing the language from dying, this upholds the ties to centuries of Hindus. Furthermore, ceremonies are performed to perfection in the temple ensuring that the rituals continue as a constant. The temple acts as a preserver of the religion in all its glory and tradition. The temple is seen as the dwelling place of God and so is considered the place to receive darshan: a glimpse of God. Temple murtis are considered far more significant than home murtis.

    • Word count: 925
  2. The concept of Atman

    The next day the dad tells him to get the water and drink from the side of it. He asks the boy what it's like and the boy replies (quite obviously) "salty" and he gets the boy to drink from different bits of the container and the middle and every time, the boy tells him that it's salty. The point of this story is showing that he can't distinguish the salt from the water, and in the same way atman evades us and becomes part of the whole world. The first recordings of the notion of atman are found in the Upanishads and it isn't really featured that much in the Vedas.

    • Word count: 811
  3. How is Hinduism different from the other two major world religions?

    Out of this principle of unity stems the concept of accountability of one's actions in this earthly life. The rise in popularity of Hinduism in the last half of the last century is attributed to this very principle, because it can be compared with the Earth's ecosystem of interdependencies of different biological levels of organisms. The followers of Hinduism are motivated to behave according their religion's moral code not because of the fear of successive punishment. Rather, they know that everything in this world functions according to the cause-and-effect principle and one's actions today will lead to the inevitable consequences after the incarnation.

    • Word count: 782
  4. Describe Hindu belief in respect for all living creatures.

    Hindus also believe the universal soul is the ultimate, so if it is in everything then you should respect everything and therefore killing an animal is exactly the same as killing a human. Some Hindus also believe in the teachings of the school of Advaita Vedanta, which was founded by the Indian philosopher Shankara. Shankara's main belief was the idea of Non-dualism.

    • Word count: 520
  5. Identify the characteristics beliefs and practises associated with Krishna And what is the significance for a devotee of Krishna.

    His love affair with the beautiful cowherdess, Radha is immensely popular with his followers. In many Indian temples dedicated to Krishna, his followers visit (Darshan) his images and present water for washing, drinking, clothes, flowers, incense and offer praise during their puja. Chanting and singing the Hare Krishna mantra is a very popular activity found in temples. The maha-mantra is a transcendental sound vibration which awakens love of God in the heart and mind. As with all other activities, music is considered a sacred offering to God. Murti's of Krishna are ritually installed temples, as it is believed that it is actually full of divine spirit of Krishna.

    • Word count: 607
  6. To What Extent Was Mohammad Ali Jinnah Responsible for The Foundation of Pakistan?

    However, perhaps most importantly, Jinnah became the President of the All India Muslim League after being a significant member for many years. Furthermore, Jinnah attended Round Table conferences in England causing great influence within the British government. Many suggest that Jinnah was the leader of the Pakistan movement spurring the Muslim community forward in search of equality and freedom and in essence creating such a movement and evidently the gain of a separate Muslim state. Perhaps as a show of appreciation, Jinnah was elected as the first President of Pakistan and is still known today as the 'Qaid e azam' which is Arabic for 'The Great Leader.'

    • Word count: 580

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • "It is essential for Hinduism to reform but the most important issue was the nature of the reformation" Discuss this claim with reference to the activities and teachings of A) Ramakrishna and B) Daynanda Sarasvati.

    "In conclusion the nature of reformation differed between Ramakrishna and Daynanda depending on how they viewed Hinduism. For Ramakrishna, the nature of reform needed to be directed towards the re discovery of the self. Whereas for Daynanada, the nature of reform concerned social and political reform in order to preserve the real Hinduism. Therefore it can be seen that the nature of Ramakrishna's reform was a much more tolerant, plural and liberal one. However it did nit contain all the elements for a reformation that preserved Hinduism. Daynanda's nature of reformation directed Hindu to the original truth and stripped off all the extra features that were restricting the progress of Hinduism. He advocated the education of women, belief in one God and re defining of the caste system. This was all very appropriate since he thought that religion has much more to offer than just a system to channel religious beliefs. This shows that the nature of the reform was very important since reform itself was inevitable anyway. 1 Klaus Klosterimeir 2"

  • What, according to scholars, were the characteristics of the Indus Valley Civilisation? Discuss the possible influence of this civilisation In Hindu thought and culture

    "In conclusion, the Indus Valley religion does seem to have similarities to modern Hinduism. However, it must be remembered that scholars who seeks links between the Indus Valley and modern Hinduism may be blinded by their search to the facts that suggest otherwise. Throughout humanity there are key features in religion that are universally applied, they all depend on the circumstances of the human and any similarities or link may be the result of coincidence rather than a direct link. However, it is entirely possibly that there may have been a cultural synthesis between the Aryans and the Indus, through interbreeding, which allows ideas to continue and possibly leak into the Vedas. But this is speculation and will probably not be confirmed until the decipherment of the hieroglyphs until then it depends on the perception of the scholar. 1 Hopkins, The Hindu Religious Tradition 2 An Introduction to Hinduism 3 Early India- Indus Valley Civilisation 4 Flood 5 Ancient Civilisations 6 Cotterell"

  • Evaluate and analyse the contributions of Ramakrishna to the modern development of Hinduism?

    "In conclusion I feel that Ramakrishna to a large extent has made little contribution towards enhancing the development of Hinduism, mainly as most of his ideas have failed to reform Hindu thinking. Furthermore, from a Brahmin perspective I believe that his ideas undermine the superiority of Hindu teachings. Although he stated that Hinduism was the mother of all religions, he did not actively promote Hindusim or enhance its own development. More significantly Ramakrishna himself did not affect Hinduism but instead it was his disciple Vivekenanda who put forward theory unanimity. 1 Ramakrishna class notes. 2 Steven Cross 3 W owen cole. Introduction to Hinduism 4 History of World Religions Danziel 5 Klaus K Klostermier n:\mywork\rs\hinduism\ramak contribution.doc 02/05/07 97aftab"

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