How far do the criticisms of the cosmological argument weaken it? (10 marks)

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Kate Verity Blueman

               How far do the challenges/criticisms of the Cosmological argument weaken it? (10 marks)

There are a number of criticisms which attempt to weaken the Cosmological argument and if one was to believe fully the intention of some of the criticisms, then Aquinas’ argument would become invalid in trying to prove God’s existence.

   Firstly, one criticism of the Cosmological arguments is that the first and second of Aquinas’ ways contradict themselves. A critic may say that the first and second ways state that nothing can cause its own existence, yet there is an exception for God who causes its own existence and therefore questions that if God is an exception to this rule then surely the universe itself could be an exception and therefore makes the need for a creator completely invalid as the universe could have formed itself.

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   A defender may say that “ Reductio Ad Absurdum “ covers this and that it is impossible to conceive the universe as being a product of its own creation , this retaliation still leaves a loophole as it is simply an assumption to think that a reasonable human being is only able to think of God as being the first cause.

   Another criticism is from David Hume, a Scottish philosopher who states a peculiar view. Hume stated that for example, just because when we hit one snooker ball into another, the “hit” ball moves, this does not necessarily ...

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