Islam - considering Hajj, the status of women, and the possibility of being a Muslim without going to the Mosque.

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) Why do Muslims go on Hajj?

2) Select, describe and explain those rituals of the Hajj which will be of spiritual value to the pilgrim.

3) How is Muslim behaviour directed by Islamic teaching on the role and status of women?

4) Do you think it is possible to be a Muslim without going to a mosque? (Consider more than one point of view)


The name of this religion is Islam, the root of which is Silm and Salaam which means peace. Salaam may also mean greeting

one another with peace. One of the beautiful names of God is that He is 'The Peace'. Islam means submission to The One God, and to live in peace with the Creator, within one's self, with other people and with the environment. Islam is a total system of living. A Muslim is supposed to live in peace and harmony with all these segments. A Muslim is any person anywhere in the world whose loyalty is to God, the Lord of the Universe.

Allah is the name of the One and Only God. Allah has ninety-nine beautiful names, such as: The Gracious, The Merciful, The

Beneficent, The Creator, The All-Knowing, The All-Wise, The Lord of the Universe, The First, The Last, and others.

He is the Creator of all human beings. He is the God for the Christians, the Jews, the Muslims, the Buddhists, the Hindus, the

Atheists and others. Muslims worship God whose name is Allah. They put their trust in Him and they seek His help and His


Muhammad was chosen by God to deliver His Message of Peace, namely Islam. He was born in 570 C.E. (Common Era) in

Makkah, Arabia. He was entrusted with the Message of Islam when he was at the age of forty years. The revelation that he

received is called the Qur`an, while the message is called Islam.

Muhammad is the very last Prophet of God to mankind. He is the final Messenger of God. His message was and is still to the rest of mankind. He was sent to those religious people to inform them about the true mission of

Jesus, Moses, Jacob, Isaac, and Abraham.

Muhammad is considered to be the summation and the culmination of all the prophets and messengers that came before

him. He purified the previous messages from adulteration and completed the Message of God for all humanity. He was

entrusted with the power of explaining, interpreting and living the teaching of the Qur`an.

The legal sources of Islam are the Qur`an and the Hadith. The Qur`an is the exact word of God; its authenticity, originality and

totality is intact. The Hadith is the report of the sayings, deeds and approvals of the Prophet Muhammad. The Prophet's

sayings and deeds are called 'Sunnah'. The 'Seerah' is the writings of followers of Muhammad about the life of the Prophet.

Hence, it is the life history of the Prophet Muhammad which provides examples of daily living for Muslims.

There are five pillars of Islam. It's compulsory to Muslims to act upon these five pillars. The five pillars are:

A) Shahada (Creed) - The verbal commitment and pledge that there is only one God and that Muhammad (S.A.W)* is the Messenger of God, is considered to be the creed of Islam.

B) Salat (Prayer) - The performance of the five daily prayers is compulsory on every Muslim.

C) Saum (Fasting) - Fasting is to refrain from eating and drinking and to disdain oneself from committing unlawful sins in the month of Ramadhan.

D) Zakat (Purifying tax) - This is an annual payment of 2.5% of a Muslims savings which is distributed among the poor. It is only compulsory for the rich people.

E) Hajj (Pilgrimage) - The performance of pilgrimage to Makkah is required once in a lifetime for every male and female if means are available. Hajj is in memory of the trials and tribulations of the Prophet Ibrahim (A.S) **, His wife Hajera and his son, the Prophet Ismail (A.S) **.


* - S.A.W is the abbreviated form of Sallalahualiehiwasallam. It means `Peace be upon him`.

** - A.S is the abbreviated form of Aliehiwasallam.

) Why do Muslims go on Hajj?

Muslim go on Hajj because it is one of the five pillars of Islam and obligatory on every Muslim male and female who can afford to go and has the physical, financial and mental ability to do so.

It is the solidarity of Muslim brotherhood where Muslims from all over the world gather together to worship Allah. All people are treated equally in the eyes of Allah. Muslims dress in the same simple way, observe the same regulations, and utter the same prayers at the same time in the same way, for the same goal (To please Allah). There is no royalty but loyalty of Allah (God). There is no aristocracy, but humility and devotion.

It is the largest annual convention of faith where Muslims meet to know one another, study their common affairs and promote their general welfare.

The Hajj is performed in The Holy City of Makkah which is situated in Saudi-Arabia. It is a demonstration of universality of Islam and the brotherhood and equality of the Muslims. From every corner of the globe, the Muslims assemble in Makkah in response to the call of Allah (God).
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Hajj is a course of spiritual enrichment and moral rearmament, a course of intensified devotion and disciplinary experience, a course of humanitarian interests and inspiring knowledge-all put together in one single institution of Islam.

Hajj is a reminder of the grand assembly on the Day of Judgment when people will stand equal before God, waiting for their final destiny, and where no superiority of race or stock can be claimed. It is also a reminder of the fact that Makkah alone, in the whole world, was honored by Allah (God) in being the centre on monotheism since ...

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