Reasoned arguments cannot account for the amount of evil in the world. Discuss.

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Reasoned arguments cannot account for the amount of evil in the world. Discuss.

The problem of evil has troubled theologians, especially Christian theologians, for centuries and many have put forward reasoned arguments, known as theodicies, that reconcile a all-powerful and all-good God with the amount of evil in the world. The two most famous theodicies are proposed by Augustine and Irenaeus.

Some people believe that theodicies provide a rational defense of belief in God even though evil exists. The Augustinian theodicy states that God is not responsible for the existence of evil because it is not a separate entity, but rather the privation of goodness. God, as the creator of the universe, cannot be held accountable for something that he did not create. In my opinion, however, that evil is not merely the privation of goodness. Some examples of evil, such as seeing a homeless beggar and decide not to give him any money, can indeed be said to be a privation of goodness; however, other examples of evil, such as the Holocaust, are simply too ‘evil’ to be called a privation of goodness- they are much more than that.

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The Irenaean theodicy is another reasoned argument for the problem of evil, which states that God created a world with suffering because soul-making is exactly the purpose of living in this world. The challenging environment of the world enables us to develop good habits and virtuous qualities of character, and these virtuous qualities are much more valuable than ready-made virtues given directly by God. Again, I feel that the Irenaean theodicy can only account for small amount of evil and suffering, but not the amount of evil we have in this world. It is undeniable that the suffering some ...

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