Teachings on crime and punishment can never change in Islam. Discuss.

Authors Avatar by azmaa567gmailcom (student)

The teachings on crime and punishment can never change. Discuss 35 

The Islamic Shariah is the Islamic law which applies to all aspects of the life of a Muslim. The Shariah includes all aspects of life, from daily activitiesibadah (worship), criminal law and everything else. It is obligatory on every Muslim to respect and follow the Islamic Shariah in every aspect of their life. It is also obligatory on Muslim nations to implement the Islamic Shariah, and make it the source of all law and legislation. 

There are four main sources of Shariah as explained by the scholars. The Holy Qur'an, the Sunnah of Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him), ijma and ijtihad. .Ijtihad is the process where the scholars of Islam strive to find a solution to an issue on which the Quran and Sunnah are silent. For example an issue of the modern times is ‘is it legal to pull off the life support system of a brain dead person? Or is that considered as murder. The Quran and Sunnah are obviously silent on this issue. Thus the respected scholars of Islam must do ijtihad and derive a ruling whether such a thing is permissible or impermissible in Islam. When the scholars reach a consensus this is what ijma is. This is especially important in modern times because there are many new technologies which were not present at the prophet’s (pbuh) time.For a Muslim, all matters, laws and legislation must be according to the Islamic Shariah to be acceptable. The previously mentioned sources of the Shariah must be used in the order they were given. A verdict on any issue is first researched in the holy Qur'an, then the Sunnah of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh). If no verdict can be found in these two sources, then the scholars of Islam must look at the issue, research and study it, and come up with a suitable verdict. 

Join now!

Islamic scholars have their own scientific methods that they follow in order to extract a verdict. This science is called usool al fiqh, and is a very large subject that can be studied in hundreds of Islamic books.There is a difference between crime and sin when Fiqh developed as an independent science five categories were made fard which means obligatory act, haram is the forbidden acts, makruh is acts that are not recommended, mandub are praiseworthy acts and mubah is an cat which is not prohibited nor commanded by the Shariah law. Haram and makruh acts can be punishable in some Muslim countries.

 There ...

This is a preview of the whole essay