The Cosmological Argument

The Cosmological Argument attempts to prove that God exists by showing that there cannot be an infinite number of regressions of causes to things that exist. It states that there must be a final uncaused-cause of all things. This uncaused-cause is asserted to be God.

Arguments like this are thought up to recognize why we and the universe exist.

The Cosmological Argument takes several forms but is basically represented below.

Cosmological Argument

Things exist

It is possible for those things not to exist

Whatever has the possibility of non-existence, yet exists, has been caused to exist.

Something cannot bring itself into existence because it would have had to exist to do that.

There cannot be an infinite number of causes to bring something into existence, because an infinite regression of causes has no original cause, which means there is no cause of existence.

Since the universe exists, it must have a cause, therefore there must be an uncaused cause of all things.

This uncaused cause must be God.

Thomas Aquinas (1224-1274) had a version of the Cosmological Argument called the Argument from Motion. He stated that things in motion could not have brought themselves into motion but must be caused to move. There cannot be an infinite regression of movers. Therefore, there must be an Unmoved Mover. This Unmoved Mover is God.
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Strengths of the argument

The strengths of the Cosmological Argument consist of the simplicity and easily understandable concept that there cannot be an infinite number of causes to an event. Some arguments for God's existence require more thought and education in terms and concepts, but this argument is basic and simple. Also, it is perfectly logical to claim that objects do not bring themselves into existence and must, therefore, have causes.

Weaknesses of the argument

One of the weaknesses of the argument is that if all things need a cause to exist, then God Himself ...

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