• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Sunni & Shia split?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Sunni & Shia split? During the first thirty years after Prophet Mohammed's death, four Khalifahs, who were the Prophets dearest friends, governed Muslims. The new Khalifah was to be someone who had been with the Prophet in Mecca and Madinah, qualified to pass on correct hadith, and whose life was very similar to the Prophet's. The word Khalifah means 'successor.' The first four Khalifahs, Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali, were known as the 'Rashidun' or 'Rightly-guided' or 'Orthodox.' These four Khalifahs were very simple, tolerant people and were well versed in the Qur'an. They were in close touch with the people and were easily approachable. They were very wealthy, but did not think of themselves as better then anybody else. They were shocked if anybody thought of them as a King. The duties of the Khalifah was to enforce only the law of God, if he didn't he wasn't to be obeyed. ...read more.

Middle

the prayer when he was too ill, and there was also a strong feeling that the leadership should go to one of the 'elders.' But Ali didn't want to bear a grudge and respected the Prophet's friend. Umar was Khalifah from 634-44 CE. A Persian slave who took revenge as Umar was preying murdered him by stabbing him six times. Before his death three days later, Umar appointed a six-man committee to elect the next Khalifah. The khalifate was offered to Ali first, on the condition that he accepted the previous Khalifahs, but he refused this. The Khalifate was then offered to Uthman who accepted all the conditions. He ruled from 644-56 CE. He was killed by a group of Egyptians, while he was at prayer. After 24 years from the Prophets death the khalifate passed to Ali. He ruled from 656-61 CE. How are they different now? ...read more.

Conclusion

They believe the first Imam was Ali and his powers passed on from father to son until the last Imam, Mehdi. The Shia group that believes in the seven Imams believes that the last one disappeared in AD 880 and will come back to restore justice on Earth. Muharram is an important day for Shia Muslims as it marks the day when the Prophets grandson Hussein was martyred. There normally be religious gatherings and some beat themselves with chains and cut themselves with swords to share what Hussein had suffered. Sunni Muslims rule Major Arab nations like Saudi Arabia, but things are starting to change as now Iran is the main home for the Shia and is rapidly increasing in strength in Pakistan, India, the Yemen and the Lebanon. The number of Shia Muslims today is rising as people in many developing countries are reacting against the decadence of the modern world. Many of them are very strict Muslims. Most Shia Muslims are ready to give up their life in fighting for what they think is right. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Islam section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Islam essays

  1. Imam Abu Hanifah (ra)The book Qamoos al-alam states: Al-Imam al-azam Abu Hanifa's name was ...

    He would not give the answer to the inquirer unless all of them confirmed it." One thousand of his disciples attended all his classes when he taught in the mosque of Kufa city. Forty of them were mujtahideen. When he found the answer for a matter he would propound it to his disciples.

  2. UMARIt was the year of the famine. Umar took pains to ensure that adequate ...

    The following day he went with his friend to Amr bin Al Aas, confessed their guilt, and wanted to be punished. Amr bin Al Aas said that as they had drunk the wine inadvertently, and were feeling repentant, that was enough and no further punishment was called for.

  1. Some westerners think Muslim women do not receive equal treatment with men. In fact, ...

    are your garment and you are a garment for them. (2:187) Just as a garment hides our nakedness, so do husband and wife, by entering into the relationship of marriage, secure each other's chastity. The garment gives comfort to the body; so does the husband find comfort in his wife's company and she in his.

  2. What were the main issues confronting the rightly guided caliphs during the period 632-661 ...

    Umar went to the mosque to lead a prayer, a Magian named Abu Lulu Feroze, who had a grudge against Umar on a personal matter, attacked him with a dagger and stabbed him several times. Umar reeled and fell to the ground.

  1. The mosques are the most important centres in any Muslim community. From their Minbar ...

    This can be seen in the example of the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.), who began to build a Masjid as soon as He (S.A.W.) established the first Islamic State in Madinah. To emphasize the great importance of the Masjid in the shaping of the Islamic society, he (S.A.W.)

  2. Women in the Arab World: Beyond Stereotypes

    But the greatest bliss is the good pleasure of God: that is the supreme felicity (Qur'an 9:71-71). Alongside this there are several other verses in the Holy Scripture that outlay that there is no differentiation between and women, engaged in some kind of historical struggle for power.

  1. Muhammad Ali. On January 17, 1942 - at about six thirty p.m. - ...

    Hardly arrived at the Olympic village he started to boast about the glorious future which was destined to him. With his behavior he attracted many athletes and journalists and soon was considered "Mayor of the Olympic village". But Clay also annoyed some of his fellow athletes because they felt neglected by the media.

  2. The Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.).

    (Koran xxi.69) The people waited until the fire had completely died down, and it was then that they saw Abraham still sitting there as though nothing had happened! At that moment they were utterly confused. They were not, however, moved by the miracle that had just happened before their very eyes.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work