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Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection

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´╗┐Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) What is Intracytoplasmic sperm injection? In summary Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is a specialized form of in vitro fertilization (IVF) which is used for the treatment of certain cases of male infertility. ICSI involves the injection of a single sperm directly into a mature egg. In detail One of the most common male infertility includes low sperm counts, therefore ICSI is a great method because it involves putting a single sperm directly into a mature egg. Approximately 30-40% of all infertility is due to significant male factor problems, in some rare cases it can be problems with the female?s egg. ICSI has been seen to revolutionise the treatment of infertility because the procedure is an estimated 25-30 % birth rate. This Booklet gives overview into ICSI, how it is performed, benefits with undergoing treatment, risks, how well it works and the comparison between ICSI and IVF. Sperm collection There are two types of sperm The "Y" (male) sperm and the "X" (female) ...read more.


If the follicles exert signs of being fully developed, a human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is then injected this stimulates the follicles to mature further. Once this stimulus is injected 34-36 hours later the egg will be retrieved from the ovaries using a laparoscopy this is guided by ultrasound. How the Intracytoplasmic sperm injection is performed The eggs and sperm is then examined under a microscope so that the most appropriate one can be selected for the injection process. Once the sperm and eggs are prepared, the injection process can begin. Under high power magnification, a glass toll (holding pipet) is used to hold the egg in place, the sperm is then placed in the injection pipet tail first this allows the sperm to be injected head first. The injection pipet is used to penetrate and deposit one sperm into the egg. The ovum is then kept for 16-20 hours (overnight) to make sure the egg shows sign of fertilisation. The eggs further 3-5 days of incubation to make sure the eggs have been properly fertilised. ...read more.


With the insertion of multiple eggs there is a 35% chance of multiple pregnancies this is a problem with both the mother and foetuses. The effects on the health of the child in later years (15-16 years old) are largely unknown but there could be defects in the child?s hormonal levels. How well it works Intracytoplasmic sperm injection is a successful treatment if the egg and sperm are of good quality. Overall the ICSI success rates are 65%, although there have been reports of success at 80%. This success rate is for the ICSI treatment which is used to fertilize the egg and should not be confused with the IVF success rate which is somewhere between 25-35%. ICSI helps men to fertilize and egg even if they have a low sperm count, this allows the father to be biological to the child. ICSI has very low risks and its success is quite high, although the treatment is quite expensive it shows great outcomes. With continual monitoring by a doctors this allows for a safe and healthy pregnancy. This procdure is extremely painless until the baby is growing and developing. ...read more.

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