Investigate the factors which will effect the stretching of a Helical Spring when put under a load.

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Jayesh Patel


To investigate the factors which will effect the stretching of a Helical Spring when put under a load.

Aim: To investigate and analyse the factors which will effect the stretching of a Helical Spring when put under a load of weights.


Things, which might affect this, are:
· Downward force applied to the spring.
· Spring material.
· Length of spring.
· No. of coils in spring.
· Diameter of spring material.
· Cross sectional area of spring.

However, most of these do not come into play, apart from weight, as we are using the same type of weights.

Hooke’s Law:

  • Hooke's law states that the extension of a spring (or other stretch object) is directly proportional to the force acting on it. 
  • This law is only true if the elastic limit of the object has not been reached.
  • If the elastic limit has been reached the object will not return to its original shape and may eventually break.
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If the experiment is correctly done, the law should show to be true.

Prediction: I predict that the greater the weight applied to the spring, the further the spring will stretch. This is because extension is proportional to load and so if load increases so does extension and so stretching distance.


  • 25swg Copper
  • 26swg Nichrome
  • 32swg Constantin
  • 32swg Nichrome
  • Stand
  • Clamp
  • Ruler
  • Weights
  • Hook


Step 1: Collect all equipment

Step 2: Set-up as diagram below shows.

Step 3: Get a Copper wire, and using a cylindrical object (same size all the time), wrap around ...

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Here's what a star student thought of this essay

Spelling and grammar are good overall. As mentioned before, the main problem is that the layout of the graphs made it very hard to analyse. In addition, the writer should try and make tables not span on 2 pages. The writer should have also numbered pages too.

The language that the writer has used is of a good standard. The writer was able to explain different scientific terms (so what Hooke's Law was). No where within the data does it say the scale for the weights, which could confuse the reader. In addition, the graphs that the writer drew should be scatter graphs with a line of best fit and the scales should have been labelled. They also mention safety, but they don't say what precautions should be taken out.

The writer has set out their objectives clearly and as a result, been able to produce a clear report. It would have been good for the writer to explain why he decided to use particular diameters of wire (and this could have been experimented in a preliminary investigation). The writer went on to talking about fair results, however within their data they did not repeat any of their results (and if they couldn't they didn't explain why). The writer presents their data, however it would have been better if the writer did lines of best fits (and if they repeated their data they would be able to do error bars). The writer's analysis is good, and in the evaluation they explained why they only did only one set of results. It would have been better if the writer only focused on 2 wires and therefore would have had the time to do more experiments. Overall, a fair report.