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The arguments for and against developing a genetic fingerprint profile for all members of society.

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Introduction

The arguments for and against developing a genetic fingerprint profile for all members of society. Genetic fingerprinting is a pattern of DNA that is unique to almost every individual; these areas of DNA are called hypervariable regions. The DNA pattern can be obtained from a sample of skin, hair, blood, or semen. Genetic fingerprinting can accurately distinguish two different humans from one another, and it can be used to compare genetic fingerprints to find a match. It was developed by Alec Jefferys in 1984. A Genetic Fingerprint Profile is a sequence of your DNA that is individual to you which would be kept on file, for any identification purposes that may be needed. Genetic fingerprinting provides significant proof, and is used to identify criminals by matching their DNA, especially in cases of rape, where their genetic fingerprint can be obtained through a drop of the rapist's semen. Genetic fingerprinting is also helping set people free who were jailed for crimes that they did not commit. ...read more.

Middle

This could also be useful for people who want to immigrate to this country, to prove that they are related to someone who is already living in the country. Having a genetic fingerprint profile for all members of society would also be useful in the case of identifying bodies, or in the case of some murders, parts of bodies. It is also reasonably quick to draw up someone's genetic fingerprint profile - about 5 or 6 hours, and can now be achieved at a minimal cost. However there are disadvantages to genetic fingerprinting, many people believe that it is a violation of human rights. And there is also the question of how safe our information would be, because of all the government losses of information, for example recently the loss of the child benefit information CDs. Would our genetic information be kept secure? Also there is the potential that peoples DNA information could get mixed up, and people who are innocent could get imprisoned for a crime they didn't commit because of virtually "flawless" DNA proof. ...read more.

Conclusion

It would also rely on their teachers picking out the characteristics. This would be a cost-effective way of genetic fingerprinting, but it is a very controversial way of doing it. In my opinion there are many reasons for creating a genetic fingerprint database of everybody, but it would take a lot of time and money, when most of the information collected would never be used. I think that genetic fingerprinting should be used mainly for catching criminals, however at the moment, if you are arrested, you can have your genetic fingerprint taken and kept, even if later you are released as innocent. Genetic fingerprinting throws up many issues about people's ethic rights, as some people feel that they should be able to deny a genetic fingerprint test if they wish to, however this suggests that they could have something to hide. At the current time, police have the ability to take someone's genetic fingerprinting, if they believe them to be involved in an investigation, and the person cannot refuse. ...read more.

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