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There are many ways in which scientists from all around the world discuss and finally tell the public about the results that they have produced. Three ways will be outlined in this assignment.

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1.4 – Scientific Communication

Task 1 – How to publicise your results

When a scientist finishes an experiment and analyses the results produces, they often need to communicate the results to others so that that the experiment and results re described. However this is done, it will need to be peer reviewed. This is when communications such as reports and papers are analysed by other scientists to see if the methods used are correct, if there are any errors or if there is any ideas that will conflict with the results.

There are many ways in which scientists from all around the world discuss and finally tell the public about the results that they have produced. Three ways will be outlined in this assignment.  

One way that scientists communicate their findings is by writing up a scientific paper. Scientists do this to inform the reader about research that they have conducted clearly and to make sure that the experiment can be repeated by someone else. The usual format of a scientific report is:

  1. Title
  2. Author: The scientists that wrote the paper
  3. Abstract: A summary of the aim or hypothesis, results and conclusion
  4. Introduction: Other information about the field and the aim of the study
...read more.


Task 2 – How to write up a science experiment

The way in which students in schools and colleges write up a science experiment and students and scientists in universities and various institutions write up science experiments can be similar. However, there are also major differences that can be seen when both sides are compared. The two reports that were compared were my report on a titration that I conducted - Preparing a standard solution of Sodium Carbonate and dissolving the standard solution in Hydrochloric acid using volumetric titration and another report on another titration - an Acid-Base Titration of Streptococci and the Physical States of Intracellular Ions, which was conducted in the American Society of Microbiology.


The first aspect of the report that was seen on both was the title of the report. This was placed at the top of the page and it briefly explained what experiment was done. In both reports, there was also an abstract with an introduction. The abstract had a description of the aim, method and results of the paper, while the introduction had the background information of the topic and experiment.

...read more.


There are two sections that were not present in any of the reports compared and are usually seen in scientific reports. One of them is beneath the abstract; there may be keywords that identify what the report is about. This allows the scientist to read the abstract and keywords and see if the report is relevant or interesting for them to read on. The other is about the DOI. This stands for digital object identifier. It is an unique identifier for a report. No report or paper will have the same DOI.


  1. mhtml:https://moodle.johnruskin.ac.uk/2011/pluginfile.php/13973/mod_resource/content/1/Journal_article.pdf.mht
  2. http://education.exeter.ac.uk/dll/studyskills/harvard_referencing.htm
...read more.

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