• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate the Two approaches (FBI and David Canter) to the profiling of offenders.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question Evaluate the Two approaches (FBI and David Canter) to the profiling of offenders. Offender profiling is a set of techniques used by law enforcement agencies to try to identify perpetrators of serious crime. Profiling techniques have been used increasingly by police forces in many parts of the world. Within a serious crime, there are too many clues for the police to study and to tackle. Fortunately, (Janet L. Jackson & Debra A. Bekerian, 1997) the number of motives that underlie the crime and the Modus Operandi or method of operation are fairly restricted though neither a crime nor an offender is completely unique. The earliest systematic approach of offender profiling was invented by FBI in the 1970's since the sharp increase of serial murders and rapes case in USA. The team set up in Virginia, initially as a team of nine was officially known as the Behavioural sciences Unit (Later Investigation Support Unit) and who's remit was to carry on the work pioneered by James Brussel. They started by building up a library of recorded interviews with convicted sexually-oriented serial killers around the country since the interaction between assailant and victim of those case were considerable. ...read more.

Middle

Canter's approach to profiling owes more to psychology than that of the FBI. He (Canter) describes the FBI type of profiling as "...more of an art than a science..." (Canter 1995). Canter further suggests that criminals, like all people act in a consistent way. And, that all actions are linked no matter the setting, and therefore an analysis of their behaviour can offer clues as to their lifestyle during a non-offending period, thus aiding possible detection. It is argued that people live in a social context and therefore there would be an implicit relationship between offender and victim, which could also help to offer clues to the offender's life. Examination of any surviving witnesses' testimony and statements can reveal clues in such things as speech patterns, interests, obsessions and ways of behaving which may carry into their normal, non-offending life. For example a rapist might treat his victim with some care and may be apologetic after the offence, this might be how he treats other women who he has regular contact with, in his social environment. Canter's methods are different from those seen in such films as Silence of the lambs, and he suggests that interviews with this type of manipulative killer is not likely to be helpful. ...read more.

Conclusion

Furthermore, it can ascertain whether a series of offences is likely to have been carried out by the same individual. Offender profiling is also extremely important when there's little idea where they should start looking for an offender. However, many of police officers still misunderstand profiling is what fictional profiler can do as in the movies. Actually, profiling cannot state whether one particular person did or did not commit the crime under investigation. Most courts do not currently accept 'expert' evidence from profilers( Gudjonsson and Haward, 1998: 173). If profiling is to become accurate enough and an accepted 'science' it will be necessary for those working in the field to use an approach that mirrors those used in the natural and the social sciences. Then, offender profiling would be the most important part in investigating crime case. Reference Ainsworth P.B. (2002). Psychology and Policing. Cullomption/U.K.: Willan Publishing, Chapter 9 Jackson, J L and Bekerian, D A (eds) (1997) 'Does offender profiling have a role to play?' in Offender Profiling: theory, research and practice, Chichester: Wiley, 1-7 The Open University of Hong Kong. (2001). Unit 10: 'Analyzing crime patterns and profiling offenders' in PS203 Psychology for Law Enforcement, Hong Kong: OUHK Name: CHEUNG, Wai Lun Gavin Student No.: 03528623 PS 203 Psychology for Law Enforcement TMA5 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Referring to the John Duffy "Railway Rapist" case to illustrate, discuss the strengths and ...

    The first well-known case in Britain to involve direct help to the police in profiling came in 1986, when David Canter started to help in the case of the 'Railway Rapist'. This case involved 24 sexual assaults near railways in North London, and three murders (between 1982 and 1986).

  2. Criminal Investigation Procedures

    May have been a drug dealer. Drugs found at the scene may have been connected. * Entry- No forced entry was found indiciating the victim may have known the suspect. Front or back door may have been used. * Means- Front or Back door was possibly used for entry as no forced entry was found.

  1. The following essay will explore the question; What is the relationship between policing governance ...

    All of this fuel the idea that the police in India are not accountable, such methods certainly would not be used in the UK due to the accountability and governance of the police. The UK style of policing in relations to accountability may also be contrasted and compared to that of America.

  2. Identify five sentences that are available to the courts.

    them think twice before committing the crime again Disadvantages * Could possibly be seen as a light punishment * Does not teach the offender anything (rehabilitate) Community Punishment Order If sentenced with this order the offender will have to do unpaid work which benefits the community.

  1. Forensic Science

    With robbery, it is stolen property taken from the victim in presence of the victim and with means of force or threats of force. It is a crime against the person and property, but pickpocketing is not robbery. Other crimes include arson, solicitation, and embezzlements (bxscience, par.

  2. Offender Profiling Handout

    Subsequently, these hypotheses have been subject to criticism by various academics on grounds such as the lack of generalisability of the samples used to generate the theories, poor research methodology, and lack of supporting evidence. Nevertheless, reference is still made to them in lectures, profiles and recent publications.

  1. The Application Of Forensic Science In the Detection of Crime

    Blood evidence may aid an investigation by locating the crime scene, by identifying the weapon used, by proving or disproving a suspect's alibi, and by eliminating suspects. * Stains on clothes and fabrics: Any stain that is wet must first be air-dried.

  2. Dealing with offenders.

    Deterrence, reform, incapacitation and public fear may achieve this. Although on release from prison, significant numbers will re-offend within a short period of time. Such facts have prompted some within the criminal justice system to introduce different forms of intervention. Many characteristics have been identified which differentiate successful programs from the less successful ones.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work