• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the pattern of, and reasons for, domestic violence in society.

Extracts from this document...


Examine the pattern of, and reasons for, domestic violence in society. (24 marks) The Women's Aid Federation defined the definition of domestic violence as "physical, psychological, s****l or financial violence that takes place within an intimate or family-type relationship and form a pattern of coercive and controlling behaviour. It may involve partners, ex-partners, household members, or other relatives". There is a common speculation that domestic violence is typically considered to be the behaviour of few disturbed and sick individuals. However, sociologists have criticised this speculation reasoning that domestic violence is far too widespread to be the work of individuals. According to the British Crime Survey, the occurrence of domestic violence accounts for at least sixth of all violent crime. The Catriona Mirrlees Black's survey indicated that there are 6.6 million incidences of domestic assaults a year, including physical injury. However, it is reasoned that the occurrence domestic violence do not take place on random instances, but instead it follows certain social patterns, and these patterns have social problems. Interestingly, the most shocking pattern of these patterns is that is that is predominantly violence by men against women. ...read more.


However, Faith Elliot does not agree with the radical feminist claim that all men benefit from women through domestic violence. She disputed that a reasonably large proportion of male are aggressive, and oppose to the concept of domestic violence. The Radical feminists seem to be dogmatic, as they somehow refuse to accept that women also commit domestic abuse. Unknowingly, they fail to acknowledge female violence, including child abuse by women, violence against male partners. For example, Mirrles-Black found that one in seven men has been assaulted. On the other hand, Marxist argued that cases of domestic violence were as a result of the capitalist system. Due to the exploitation and alienation of the proletariat, them seek avenges by dominating. For example, Frank Ashley describes the wives as 'takers of s**t' who soak of the frustration their husband feel because of the exploitation they suffer at work. Marxist believed that this explains male domestic violence against men. However, the Marxists were wrong to assume that domestic violence was associated to the exploitation of working class. They ignored the increasing numbers of middle class women who are victims of domestic abuse, as an economic strain brings violence into households. ...read more.


A final aspect of this ideological control is the division of the society into private and public. Somehow, violence against female partners is different from violence against a stranger. It somehow seems that state intervention is less necessary, when the individual's case it concerned with family affairs. However, sociologists have identified other patterns of domestic violence in addition to male's violence against men. According to Mirrlees-Black there are other social groups are at greater risk of domestic abuse. These include, children and young people, those in the lowest social classes, those living in rented accommodations those on low incomes or those with high levels of alcohol consumption, and illegal drugs. To extend on these findings, Richards Wilkinson argued that domestic violence as a results of stress of family members caused by social stratification. This is because families lacking material or financial necessities cause unstable and uncaring relationships. This means that they are predisposed to an increased risk of domestic abuse. For example, worries about money may contribute to domestic conflict as tempers frayed. This indicates that not all people are equally in danger of suffering from domestic violence, and it shows that social stratification can cause stress and trigger conflict and violence in families. However, unlike Radical Feminist, Wilkinson fails to explain reasons to why women are victims of domestic violence. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Examine the patterns of, & reasons for, domestic violence in the society.

    It is also difficult to define, as Scalter (2000) notes, some behavior, such as kicking and punching, is easily recognizable as violent, but behavior such as threats, verbal abuse, psychological manipulation and s****l intimidation are less easy to categorize and may not be recognized by some men and women as domestic violence.

  2. Deviance in Society A person would be considered to be acting deviantly in society ...

    Family size also leaves an adolescent without the necessary attention they need as an individual. Middle children are more likely to behave deviantly because they go unnoticed more than their younger or older siblings.

  1. A Failing Justice System

    Also, it is a tragedy that the cost of a murder for the government is about 1.1 million pounds (Demirbas 84). Fear for Crime 7 "Fear for crime" is the unsafety feeling that crime causes in the society, and it decreases social relationships.

  2. To investigate the problems of the victimisation of stalking.

    They may not realise that a crime is being committed against them because of the differing perspectives that are held about the term "stalking" in legal definitions. "Stalking may be described as an elusive crime, one that is easy to commit, but difficult to define and prosecute." (Sheridan 2001: 143)

  1. Marxism is a structural theory, as people's actions are shaped by society and in ...

    He found that petty stealing from work and the major crimes of bribery and corruption often passed unnoticed or were dealt with informally and unofficially by firms who did not want publicity. There was also evidence that middle class and upper class offenders were treated differently than working class offenders when brought to justice.

  2. Briefly explain how the concept of 'male stream' knowledge referred to in Item A ...

    Another reason why victims don't report crimes is because of reprisals i.e. that the criminal will come and do it again. Therefore victimisation studies are very important to sociologists because they give all round knowledge of who commits crime, therefore they can make a better judgement.

  1. Examine the patterns of, and reasons for, domestic violence in society

    Radical feminists give a sociological rather than psychological explanation for domestic violence within society; they argue that violence against women is a part of a patriarchal system that maintains men?s power. Radical feminists fail to explain female violence such as female to male abuse or child abuse.

  2. Where and how did the Yakuza come to be? What has allowed the yakuza ...

    The Tokugawa allegedly accepted these arrangements because they preferred these underground businesses in the hands of an organized and competent distributor. As outlaws of society, they operated alongside Japanese towns and highways engaging in daring gambles with passing by customers.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work