• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the reasons for changing patterns of marriage, cohabitation and divorce in the last forty years.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Emmanuel Mends Sociology Marie Gettings Examine the reasons for changing patterns of marriage, cohabitation and divorce in the last forty years. 24 marks There are many reasons for the changing patterns in marriage, divorce and cohabitation in our modern era of the 21st century. Here are some reasons to somewhat explain the reasons for the following. Item A states that ?Only half as many people are getting married, lone- parent families have increased threefold, children born outside marriage has quadrupled in number and the number of divorces have trebled. In addition to this, item B goes on to further support the evidence given in item A. It states ?marriage is a normal and expected part of women?s lives in Western society. However, although the vast majority of women will expect to marry at some time and at least once, in recent years there has been some decline in the popularity of marriage?. ...read more.

Middle

Most serial monogamy involved divorced persons rather than widows and widowers. The Largest increase occurred between 1972 and 1972 following the introduction of the Divorce Reform Act of 1969. Other aspects that have encouraged the changing patterns towards marriage is the awareness of Cohabitation. Cohabitation involves an unmarried couple in a sexual relationship living together. Statistics show that more people are adjusting to the idea cohabitation (living together). While the number of marriages has been falling, the number of couples cohabiting continues to escalate and is the fastest growing family type in the UK. Figures show that over a quarter of all non-married adults aged 16-59 were cohabiting ? double the number in 1986. Furthermore the number of cohabiting couples is expected to double again by 2021. However this does not mean to say that couples cohabiting will not get married, as social trends suggest that it is only a delay in tying the knot. ...read more.

Conclusion

The commonest reason for a woman to be granted divorce is the unreasonable behaviour of her husband. Some couples are more likely than others to divorce. Couples whose marriages are at greatest risk include those who marry young, have a child before they marry or cohabit before marriage, and those where one or both partners have been married before. Functionalist sociologists such as Ronald Fletcher (1966), argue that the higher expectations people place on marriage today are a major cause of rising divorce rates. Higher expectations make couples nowadays less willing to tolerate an unhappy marriage. Another side of the argument is that, feminists argue that the oppression of women within the family is the main cause of marital conflict and divorce. Additionally feminists also argue that the fact that women are now wage earners as well as homemakers has created a new source of conflict between husbands and wives and this is leading to more divorces. Feminists argue that marriage remains patriarchal (male dominated), with men benefiting from their wives? ?triple-shifts? of paid work, domestic work and emotion work. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Family & Marriage section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Family & Marriage essays

  1. Is the modern family breaking down or is it simply changing?

    Berthoud and Beishon published a book in 1997 called 'Policy studies Institute' in which they studied Caribbean families and found that "the most striking characteristic is a low emphasis on long term partnerships especially on formal marriage". British Caribbean families had high divorce rates and had more children outside the wedlock than any other group.

  2. Examine the reasons for the changes in the patterns of marriage, cohabitation and divorce ...

    Due to the high rate of divorce that are pronounced in the UK, some sociologists have forwarded the idea that British marriage trends ought to be known as 'Serial Monogamy', and this can be understood as an individual who has a number of partners in sequence, although no one may

  1. Examine the reasons for changes in the patterns of marriage, co-habitation and divorce rate ...

    They believe that higher divorce rate reflects a higher value placed on marriage. Feminists argues that it is women rather than men who are increasingly dissatisfied with marriage due to traditional patriarchal marriage where male dominance and the unequal division of domestic work, with women still largely responsible for housework and childcare even when they employed outside the home.

  2. Examine the changes in the rate of divorce since 1969

    This fall of religion has led to the rapid decline in religious traditions of marriage and also, the increase in the rate of divorce. In 2001, the census proved that 47% of atheists were cohabitating compared to 34% of Christians whereas in a perfect world, it would be zero.

  1. Indo-Canadians Dominate with One of the Lowest Divorce Rates Worldwide

    My sister had a love marriage. She has been married for twelve years now, and she is happy and in love. I think a good reason for this is because she took with her into her marriage the idea that family comes first. You have to do anything to make a marriage work, especially when you are Indian.

  2. Arranged marriages

    The protection of the minor is more serious that any breach of the child protection at risk is a breach public order. Arranged marriage does not always mean the same thing as forced marriage, they are a bit different. Forced marriage consists of women marrying men they does not know

  1. Analyse how the family structure has changed over the last 100 years

    However the average age for first-time brides in 2003 was 29 years and for all grooms was 31 years, compared with 22 for women and 24 for men in 1971. This could show that marriage is not being written off by couples completely and that it is just being delayed

  2. Examine the reasons for the changes in the patterns of marriage, cohabitation and divorce ...

    30 years ago, living together outside of marriage was rare, but cohabitation can now be seen as an acceptable alternative to marriage. This is partly because changing attitudes to sexual relationships mean that sex is no longer seen as only legitimate within marriage, and far fewer members of younger generations consider cohabiting morally wrong.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work