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AS and A Level: Family & Marriage
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UK trends - gender
- 1 Men tend to outperform women in terms of income, wealth, promotion at work; they are more likely to have full time and /or permanent contracts.
- 2 In the home men do less housework than women and are much less likely to suffer domestic violence than women. Men are more likely to have control of finances and power in decision making in the family.
- 3 Women have better life chances in terms of life expectancy, preferential treatment by courts when awarding custody of children, some evidence of greater leniency in sentencing, more time off paid work with their children, lower suicide rates and are doing better in schools.
Key UK trends - social class
- 1 At work, those in the working class are more likely to have a below average paid job, a temporary contract and work part time.
- 2 In terms of policing and the criminal justice system, the working class are more likely to be stopped and searched by the police and to be arrested.
- 3 In the family people from working class backgrounds are more likely to marry younger and to get divorced.
- 4 In terms of health the working class are more likely, more likely to smoke, to miscarry their baby, to die of an accident at work and to die before their first birthday.
- 5 In education the working class are more likely to be placed in lower streams or sets at school, to leave school with fewer educational qualifications, and much less likely than the middle class to go to university.
Key UK trends - ethnicity
- 1 African Caribbean Britons are at high risk of being stopped and searched, getting longer custodial sentences, being excluded from school, being unemployed, living in a single parent family and achieving the lowest average GCSE scores.
- 2 British Bangladeshis and Pakistanis have the highest rates of poverty, living in cramped housing and female unemployment.
- 3 British Indians and British Chinese have higher than average educational success rates.
- 4 White Britons have better life chances than ethnic minorities in nearly all areas, with the exception of the British Indians and British Chinese.
- 5 There are significant differences WITHIN ethnic groups, so men and women, people from different social classes and ages have significantly different life chances.
66 Science Double Award 53 56 55 Design and Technology 47 63 54 French 43 59 52 Geography 59 66 62 History 61 68 64 Art and Design 58 77 69 Physical Education 58 62 60 German 49 62 56 Information Technology 57 64 60 Science Single Award 18 21 20 Currently females are out-performing males in the education sector; modern statistics/studies have shown this. Explanations for these results include the feminist movement. This is where females have broken the traditional social norms of being housewives and raising children, to having the same opportunities as men.
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The lowest levels of GCSE attainment were among Black Caribbean pupils. Only 23 per cent of Black Caribbean students achieved five or more A*-C grade GCSEs. Pupils from the Other Black, Black African and Pakistani groups had similar low levels of attainment. These statistics are relevant to my study as they show evidence that there is a gap of the educational attainment from different ethnic groups. This is relevant to my hypothesis as cultural deprivation could be part of the reason for some ethnic minorities are performing poorly.
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Sociology Research Paper - To examine how teenage pregnancy affects the teen mothers health and the family
Poverty is said to exist when people lack the means to satisfy their basic needs. In this context, the identification of poor people first requires a determination of what constitutes basic needs. The Researcher found out that during adolescence, teenagers often feel pressure to make friends and fit in with their peers. Many times these teens let their friends influence their decision to have sex even when they do not fully understand the consequences associated with the act. Teenagers have sex as a way to appear cool and sophisticated, but in some cases the end result is an unplanned teen pregnancy.
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From the functionist view Murdock sought to show that some form of family structure was the basis of society and that the family is universal. It concluded by saying that the family 1.stabilizes sexual and reproductive functions. 2. it provides basis economic requirements such as food and shelter, 3. It provides the functions of socialization of the next generation into the norms, values and other aspects of culture in the society. Although a functionist, persons (1959) did disagree on the exact meaning of the nuclear family.
- Word count: 4182