• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Inequalities in education.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

��ࡱ�>�� @B����?�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������5@ ��0K@bjbj�2�2 (L�X�X�5���������������8V b�v��������`bbbbbb$WR���������������...�����`.�`..@��@�~ PAg`h���X@`�0�@O �LO @�D�,����O �@ ��.�������.Sharon Mullen In education, all the research, past, present, and at nearly every criteria, shows working class underachievement against their middle class counterparts. Even though standards have risen the divide between the classes remains constant. Recent figures in a labour force survey stated that 80% with professional backgrounds entered university at 18. Middle class children are 5 times more likely to enter higher education than working class children. Many researchers and studies have asked the question 'why?' and tried to address it, we will examine three different methods and evaluate each one in turn to see their strengths and weakness.Various studies have shown that, even when IQ is the same, there are clear differences in educational achievement between working class students and their middle class couterparts. It could be argued that IQ tests are biased in favour of the middle class as they are constructed by this class, nevertheless it has been suggested that class is directly related to achievement. The Functionalists' perspective sees a ladder of opportunity open to all, failure to use the ladder is caused by cultural deprivation, this theory suggests that some cultures are inferior to others and so less able to equip their members to deal successfully within the social world, thus working class childrens' home background, values and norms are to blame for their underachievement. ...read more.

Middle

is given to able children. The curriculum at the moment is individually assessed on ideas, written word, but doesn't bear any relationship to every day needs. Young argues that the curriculum should be amended to give equal status to other forms of knowledge such as practical, speaking word, group work that match every day needs. So, by changing the curriculum it would equal status to qualifications gained by the bottom and top streams. Although, any changes to the curriculum would be resisted by the dominant group. Rutters study of 12 similar ILEA schools within a 6mile radius suggests that schools (even in a disadvantaged area) which incorporated regular homework, good courses and teaching, displaying pupils work etc encouraged pupils to better achieve in their academic work & behaviour. Therefore, schools with good teaching, values, punctuality etc enhance a pupils achievement and behaviour. This is significant as it shows that schools can and do make a difference. The interpretive arguement shows that schools and schooling are very important in the achievement/underachievement of pupils and clearly play their part and have an enormous effect on children, however this is only part of the answer and does not address the home background. The Marxists perpective in contrast does not believe that a ladder of opportunity exists at all. Marxists suggest education in capitalist societies such as ours match people to their jobs, education helps keep inequality and the class system strong. ...read more.

Conclusion

who go on to into the best jobs etc. and perpetuate capitalism control and dominence for future generations. Bibliography: Haralambos and Holborn, Sociology, Themes and Perspectives (fourth edition) This document was downloaded from Coursework.Info - The UK's Coursework Database - http://www.coursework.info/ This document was downloaded from Coursework.Info - The UK's Coursework Database - http://www.coursework.info/ This document was downloaded from Coursework.Info - The UK's Coursework Database - http://www.coursework.info/ This document was downloaded from Coursework.Info - The UK's Coursework Database - http://www.coursework.info/ This document was downloaded from Coursework.Info - The UK's Coursework Database - http://www.coursework.info/ This document was downloaded from Coursework.Info - The UK's Coursework Database - http://www.coursework.info/ �=�= > >}>~>�>�>a?b?�?�?E@F@J@K@������������h�h,h�h,OJQJh�h,h�h,CJOJQJ%h�h,h�h,OJQJfHq� ����)h�h,h�h,CJOJQJfHq� ����h�h,h^� h^�h�h, � g �M��@��'�m89:��'�'�':::@=�����������������������������gd^��=J@��@=A=B=P=�=�= > >>>~>>�>�>�>�>�>�>b?c?d?e?�?�?�?�?F@��������������������������$a$gd�h,$a$gd�h,gd^�F@G@H@I@J@K@�����gd^�&1�h:p^���/ ��=!�'"�'#��$��%��D@�D NormalCJ_H aJmH nHsH tHDA@�D Default Paragraph FontRi�R Table Normal�4� l4�a� (k�(No ListDZ@�D ^� Plain TextCJOJQJ^JaJ4@4 �h,Header ���!4 @4 �h,Footer ���!`�o"` �h,watermark header$a$CJOJQJfHq� ����N�o2N �h,watermark footer$a$ CJOJQJK8L���� ���z� ���z� ���z� ���z�U �6.K8���r�V�:��K@!@=F@K@"$%J@#�5�5 666�6�6�6c7e7�7�7G8L8�5 66�6�6�6c7e7�7�7G8L8��alex��h,^��@�5|"GK8P@��Unknown������������G��z ��Times New Roman5V��Symbol3&� �z ��Arial7&�� �VerdanaG5�� �����h�MS Mincho-�3� fg?5� �z ��Courier New"1���h�T���T���T���7-��7-���������4�5�53�� H�?������������������^���Sharon Mullen TCoursework.Info Coursework - http://www.coursework.info/ - Redistribution ProhibitedTCoursework.Info Coursework - http://www.coursework.info/ - Redistribution Prohibitedalexalex�� ��Oh��+'��0l���(��� � ( 4 @LT\d�Sharon Mullen UCoursework.Info Coursework - http://www.coursework.info/ - Redistribution ProhibitedualexewoUCoursework.Info Coursework - http://www.coursework.info/ - Redistribution Prohibitedu>Downloaded from Coursework.Info - http://www.coursework.info/is Normal.dotfalexl.d2exMicrosoft Word 10.0@@5Bh��@5Bh��@5Bh���7-�� ��Õ.��+,��D��Õ.��+,��p,���H����� ���� � �UCoursework.Info Coursework - http://www.coursework.info/ - Redistribution ProhibitedoUCoursework.Info Coursework - http://www.coursework.info/ - Redistribution ProhibitedoUCoursework.Info Coursework - http://www.coursework.info/ - Redistribution Prohibitedo�5��5A Sharon Mullen Titled@���+K_PID_LINKBASE CopyrightDownloaded FromCan RedistributeOwner�A4http://www.coursework.comcoursework.comehttp://www.coursework.com -No, do not redistributecoursework.com/ !"#$%&����()*+,-.����0123456����89:;<=>��������A������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������Root Entry�������� �F�Rh`h��C�1Table��������'WordDocument��������(LSummaryInformation(����/DocumentSummaryInformation8������������7CompObj������������j������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ���� �FMicrosoft Word Document MSWordDocWord.Document.8�9�q ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. Find out what subjects girls study more in higher education as well as for ...

    This evidence is fairly reliable. Evidence Below was my first objective. 1. Find out what subjects girls study more in higher education as well as for boys. The questions asked to collect data about this objective were included in the questionnaire.

  2. 'The function of education is to reproduce and legitimate social inequality. Discuss.'

    Schools confirm to pupils the status to which they are born rather than being a neutral influence. Berg claims that the education system is said to encourage ambition and aspirations through 'glittering prizes' when more often than not it actually dampens down their dreams by claiming that their sights have been set 'unrealistically high'.

  1. Comment on the strength and weakness of the social security system in Hong Kong

    It of course increases government financial burden. Moreover, applicants may lose incentive to work since they may just rely on the CSSA and don't go to work. ii. SSA Strength For the Social Security Assistant Scheme (SSA), it suits the need of different people.

  2. Obesity in todays Society

    Parents are responsible for making sure that their children get outside, get away from the TV, and move around. Parents treat and award their children can contribute to obesity at a younger age. Obesity of Americans is caused by eating junk food or regularly going to fast food restaurants.

  1. Assess the strengths and limitations of participant observation for the study of labelling in ...

    He said that it ignores the meanings of why teachers and pupils treat ethnic minorities the way that they do, and puts everybody into a category which may not necessarily be the case.

  2. Multi-agency working

    The review found that the local YOT team failed and made some recommendations to them. Recommendations for the Youth Offending Team * That the YOT review their procedures to highlight child protection concerns where an individual expresses intentions of self-harm or suicide.

  1. The recent rise in support for NRMS comes mainly from an increased desire to ...

    argues that the weakness of more conventional religions has encouraged people to seek less traditional alternatives. As modern societies began to develop, and faith in traditional churches declined, religious pluralism and diversity increased. Bruce argues that the world has become more secular and individuals who are less likely to hold strong commitments have contributed to the growth of NRMS.

  2. SOCIAL CLASS DIVISION

    of those in bottom streams and this undermines the quality of their teaching. Keddie (1971) found that streaming had a profound effect upon teacher attitudes and practices; 'A' streamers were trusted to work with the minimum of supervision and to make a contribution to class discussion whilst teachers believed that

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work