• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14
  15. 15

Is the nuclear family in decline?

Extracts from this document...


1s the nuclear family in decline? The family have always being seen by most people as the bed rock of the society. In both pre- modern and modern times, the importance of the family in carrying out basic but vital functions of the society has long being valued. Most people belong to at least one family during their life time and see the family as a source of identity, reassurance and safety. Like many contents that are familiar with us, the family is generally looked upon favourably, for example we see most politicians stressing the importance of Family values and associate themselves to being family friendly, even church and other religious leader are not left in preaching the importance of family environment to communal, national and international harmony. The media and adverts even use the happy family to advance their cause. The nuclear family is the smallest family unit and consists of husband, wife and their own dependent offspring. In the 1950s and early 1960s, the nuclear family was the norm and was assumed uncritically that this kind of family was a good thing as it positively provides for the needs of its members and at same time contributes to the society by carrying out basic and vital functions of reproduction. This view, although dominated by persons and Bales (1955) and Goode (1963) were tailored to suit the modern, industrial society (The family 2001). Over the years it seems this kind of family unit is seriously threatened and in some occasions appears to be ignored or undermined. The aim of my research is to find out 1. If the nuclear family is in decline. 2. What factors lead or contribute to this decline. 3. What is a good nuclear family? Many sociologists have long agreed that the family is a universal social institution. Others claim that groups of kins living together as recognised social units occur in all human societies, but some do argue that there are exceptions to virtually any definition of family. ...read more.


Also there are more extended families especially people from some ethnic minority communities. According to statistics first marriages numbered 221,100 in 1961 and declined 345,000 in 2005. And also second marriages were reduced, giving the suggestion that the nuclear family is in decline. But many statistics might not be as accurate as the numbers of people that are single and available are not known. In 1991 average age for marriage was 27.5 for men and 25.5 for women. Thus not only are fewer people marrying, it appears more are doing so at a later age. In 2005 this age has increased to 31.7 and 29.5 respectively and the number of those who have never marriage have increased from year to year. The issue of co-habitation according to statistic is a trend that have affected traditional nuclear family as an institution.by 2002,there were 25% of unmarried adults that were co habiting, while of this 50% of women are involved. This suggest that formal marriage might be in decline but family format is still desirable (social treds.www.curriculumpress.co.uk.no36) There have being evidence for changes in family structures as 2% of households were single parents families with dependent children in 1960,this increase to 7% in 2003.20% of under 19 year olds were living with one parents family in 2004, and even amongst people of Caribbean origin, this figure is much higher(36%). Most single families are headed by women, three quarters of the children of single parents did at birth live with two perents.but the proportion of mothers who have never married are fast increasing. According to Moore et al (2005) 726,001 children were estimated to live in reconstituted families in 2003 i.e. over 10% of children. In 2002 government statistic showed that 25% of households of people of Asian origin wee extended be young single people, couples or parents(s) with dependent children. Some of these can be said to be changing trends in family structures but can it be attributed to a decline in the nuclear family as an institution? ...read more.


It appears that the nuclear family have both an uncertain past and an uncertain future. Different opinions agree that the nuclear family have undergone lots of changes and what they mean is open to interpretation.as society changes and the role of the family within society changes, we are offered different views to evaluate and critique the ideology of the nuclear family. In political rhetoric- as we read in the media and our everyday lives, the family is clearly in transition. We are living therefore in a transitional and contested period of family history (stacey1990) The postmodern family is not a new model of family, not the next stage in an orderly progression of family history, but the stage when the belief in a logical progression of stages breaks down, rupturing evolutionary models and incorporating both experimental and nostalgic elements. The postmodern family lurches forward and backwards into an uncertain future (Stacey 1990). It may be well that the functionist and and new right theorist overstate the extent to which the nuclear family as it currently operates can satisfy the needs and aspirations of both males and females, thou feminists and Marxist analysis of the actual operation of the nuclear family are in many cases justified, there is evidence from these research that values, altitudes and behaviours within the family are changing. Thus many marriages, co habiting relationships and civil partnerships are increasing and appear to be accepted. The wide spread existence of empty shell marriage suggest that the nuclear family is in decline. However all families are not same and might mean different things to different people. Therefore the family is not a single identifiable thing. We recognise them when we see them but are very different from one another. Whether or not the institution of the nuclear family is in decline will partly depend on how the family is defined. Taking the traditional nuclear family, it could be said to be in decline and the factors that gave rise to it have being enumerated. A good family can be said to be that which serve the unique values of its member?s. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Family & Marriage section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Family & Marriage essays

  1. Examine the view that the nuclear family is universal. (24)

    However, Mukti, Jain Campion quotes a study which claims that one in 1,000 children were born to gay or lesbian couples in San Francisco between 1985 and 1990, and that there were many more people living with gay partners who has conceived children in heterosexual relationships.

  2. Discuss the view that the modern family is becoming more diverse

    The elder generations saw marriage as obligation and duties whereas the younger couple saw marriage as a commitment. The large difference that was shown was that some of the younger couple saw marriage as emphasising their commitment to each other publicly (Dyer 1999).

  1. The nuclear family is considered the 'ideal'. Why and for whom?

    These points highlight how family life is important and should not be overlooked, but seen objectively by both theories. Many issues affect and alter what the family was and has now become. I feel that the rise in divorce rate, which corresponds to the changes in laws that make it

  2. Assess the view that the nuclear family is no longer the norm

    and generational (different generations have different views on s****l and family diversity). They, like many other sociologists say that this diversity is a direct result of the secularisation and pluralisation of society. In contrast, Robert Chester does not agree that the nuclear family is no longer the norm in today's society.

  1. Examine the contribution of feminist perspectives to an understanding of the family.

    For example, compared with men, they face a greater risk of domestic violence and s****l assault, low pay and so on. Although the feminists provide an alternative view of the family, there are still some criticisms to be made. The Liberal feminist approach does not uncover the wider structural factors

  2. Sociology Research Paper - To examine how teenage pregnancy affects the teen mothers health ...

    Health outcomes for the population are seen as being influenced by the operation of the capitalist economic system at two levels. First, at the level of the production process itself, health is affected either directly in terms of industrial diseases and injuries, stress-related ill health, or indirectly through the wider effects of the process of commodity production within modern societies.

  1. Sociology Family Revision Notes

    family, but varies according to expectations and wishes of their members More equal, less stable and free to leave if needs are not met People turn to the family as a haven of security; irony is that family relationships themselves now subject to greater risk than ever.

  2. Assess the view that marriage is no longer a popular institution in todays postmodernist ...

    Secularisation is another reason for the increase in cohabitation. According to the 2001 Census, young people with no religion were more likely to cohabit than those with religion as an influence on their morality. Despite the increase in cohabitation, some couples see it as a trial for marriage, with 75% of the couples with the expectations of marriage further down the line.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work