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Methods we can use to study and understand crime and criminal beaviour

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Introduction

METHODS WE CAN USE TO STUDY AND UNDERSTAND CRIME AND CRIMINAL BEHAVIOUR There are many methods by which we can better understand criminal minds and crime itself. Forensic criminology is "the scientific study of the non-legal aspects of crime, including juvenile delinquency". Forensic criminology uses many diverse disciplines to better understand causes for committing crime, to gain knowledge that can help us prevent crime. The accumulated findings of criminology may help judges, lawyers and others to better understand crime and criminals, which may lead to more effective sentencing and methods of treatment. Such knowledge can help in improving penal institutions and reforming law. Criminology offers neutral assistance in treating crime and criminals - it provides wide range of facts to the officials who can draw their conclusions from them. It is sometimes said that the objectives of criminological research are threefold - descriptive, casual , and normative. The first aspect pools together collections of facts and their interpretations. Usually gathering of the facts is not caused by some occurrence but rather by come theory, 'feeling', an presumption about what the researcher expects to find out. After the facts are collected, the theory may be confirmed or dismissed (which leads to new research). The second, casual aspect is about searching for causes of committing crime. Theories of causation can be helpful in planning for the prevention of crime, as long as one does not force 'facts' into some preferred theory or proof. ...read more.

Middle

Case study research means single and multiple case studies, can include quantitative evidence, relies on multiple sources of evidence and benefits from the prior development of theoretical propositions. He notes that case studies should not be confused with qualitative research and points out that they can be based on any mix of quantitative and qualitative evidence (Yin, 2002). 1 There is always the option of studying autobiographies and other books written by ex-prisoners, but such books are not objective in most of the cases. To help us understand crime we can also use typological method. It is the study of criminal behavior involving research on the links between different types of crime and criminals. Because people often disagree about types of crimes and criminal motivation, no standard exists within the field. Some typologies focus on the criminal, suggesting the existence of offender groups, such as professional criminals, psychotic criminals, occasional criminals, and so on. Others focus on the crimes, clustering them into categories such as property crimes, s*x crimes, and so on. Danger in this method lies in it's aim to simplify complexity of human mind. Typologies tend to ignore individual differences and sometimes 'label' criminals without looking deeper into the matter. Still, if handled carefully this method can be useful and help find middle earth between statistics and case studies. Experimental methods involve subjecting one of two closely related groups or situations to a specified change and comparing results. ...read more.

Conclusion

Today, mapping uses computers with greatly increased capacity and is a powerful tool for displaying where problems and resources are and for mobilizing action. More powerful computers allow the development of geographic information systems that include a wide range of information, including data on crime, community perceptions, risk factors, and community resources. New mapping software is letting many more people see the relationship between crime and place. Police departments are regularly publishing crime maps on the Internet and are thereby being held accountable for public safety. Victimology is the study of why certain people are victims of crime and how lifestyles affect the chances that a certain person will fall victim to a crime. The field of victimology can cover a wide number of disciplines, including sociology, psychology, criminal justice, law and advocacy. The study of victims is multidisciplinary. It does not just cover victims of crime, but also victims of (traffic) accidents, natural disasters, war crimes and abuse of power. The professionals involved in victimology may be scientists, practitioners and policy makers. Studying victims can be done from the perspective of the individual victim but also from an epidemiolomical point of view. The study of victimology also includes the "culture of victimhood," wherein the self-professed "victim," reveling in his status of victimhood, goes about proclaiming that self-created victimhood throughout a community in order to salve his low self-esteem by winning the sympathy of professionals and peers 1 Robert K. Yin. Case Study Research. Design and Methods. Third Edition. Applied social research method series Volume 5. Sage Publications. California, 2002. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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