• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Risk Factors for Recent Increased Drug Use in Adolescents.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Risk Factors for Recent Increased Drug Use in Adolescents Author: Casey Perry SUPA Sociology student at Fairport High School Abstract: I went through the process of obtaining data from six professional journal articles. I have concluded that there are two dominant variables, family and peer relationships, along with multiple other variables; which may heighten the risk for drug use in adolescents between the ages of fourteen and seventeen over the past ten years. The other supporting variables are age, gender, ethnicity and victimization. But the two most important variables in determining drug use in teens are their peer and family relationships. Introduction: Drug use has become more popular among adolescents between the ages of fourteen to seventeen years of age over the past ten years. "A National Institute Drug Abuse review of the last ten years of research on drug abuse shows that adolescent drug abuse rose sharply between 1992 and 1996" (Alcoholism Report 1998). If we can target the causes to this on going dilemma we may begin to take some precautions and decrease the risky behaviors of today's and future teens. A user is defined as someone who has used illegal drugs or alcohol more than five times. In recent years teen drug use has increased due to multiple variables. ...read more.

Middle

If a teen has a positive relationship with his parents who support him, he will be less likely to use drugs. The support will increase his self-esteem, which in turn will not force the child to turn to his peers, who may use, for support. But, negative relationships, consisting of multiple conflicts, between parents and adolescents will lead to the adolescent's deviant behavior and drug use. Poor relationships increase chances of teens obtaining these deviant behaviors, and associating with deviant peers. Drugs are a way for teens to cope with this parent-adolescent conflict. Mothers play a much more significant role in the lives of adolescents. Their relationship with their mom has a greater influence that with their father. "Studies that have examined associating between adolescents abstinence from drug use and maternal affection" (Farrell, White 1998). If a mother displays rejection toward her son or daughter there is a high level of possibility that they will begin problematic drug use. A parent's ability to moderate the peer influence on their child and put more emphasis on their own norms and values is a protective factor on their teen. On the other hand if parents are influencing poor norms and values and are drug users themselves the risk for use will rise because the adolescent has been thought its ok. ...read more.

Conclusion

Other contributing factors were ethnicity and gender and victimization. Although they were just minor variables, to a group sample they can severely effect an individual behavior. Peer and family relationships are the two more influential variables in an adolescent's life. If his/ her relationships with either of them are inadequate it can cause drug-affiliated problems. The effects of the parent- adolescent relationships, maternal affection and parental norm influence are directed towards the drug use in adolescents. "The relationship between disruptive family relationships and deviant behavior among adolescents, including drug use, is well recognized" (Bhattacharya 1998). Parents can influence whom their child does or does not associate with. If they do not monitor their peers, they may end up affiliating with the deviant crowd, who can then in turn influence drug use. Gender, ethnicity and victimization are variables that can not be altered to a certain degree but do effect the risk of drug use in adolescents. Males are at greater risk for alcohol and marijuana use, over females. An individuals ethnicity can also play a role in drug use. Whether you're Caucasian, African American, Chinese or Mexican, your ethnic background can influence your choice to use or abuse drugs. Victimization is another variable, because as a result of an assault or violent act an individual may feel they need to turn to drugs as a way to cope with the pressures, and to forget about the incident. 9 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. The issue of two interwoven entities - personal identity and ethnicity - in the ...

    They are as follows: the common origins (whether this is understood by one's nationality or geographic origin), traditions and culture, religion, the same race, the common language, the common values and ethos, or the same minority status. However, in my essay I conceive ethnicity of studied as reflected by their origins.

  2. Identity Paper

    The Lebanese culture is more dominant and dramatically different than the more Americanized culture my mother carried. My grandmother on my father's side, whom I can Teta, took care of me very often. In fact, at one point in time in my childhood I only spoke Arabic.

  1. Should marijuana be legalized

    (illegal)...................3,800 - 5,200 deaths Marijuana.............................................0 deaths Those who partake in their religious practices believe that smoking weed is bad, and that it is a emaculent sin. When in actuality the Bible never condemns smoking. There is one scripture in the Bible that is even close to the subject of Marijuana which is grown from the earth.

  2. Sociological theories and Healthcare.

    The ideas come from Freud, parsons and Weber. Who was The Concept Invented by? The concept was invented by Talcott Parsons in 1951. How Does it Affect People? If you're sick and off work, you will be exempt from normal social roles and duties however this is not your fault as you're not responsible for your condition.

  1. Should African Americans Receive Reparations Because of Slavery?

    This is how we got to the point of reparations and how they should be dealt with accordingly. These reparations are forms of compensation in which we try to fix a mistake or repay a country or a race for the hardships and devastation which they endured.

  2. Culture Awareness

    usually go by the name of "Blaze" or "Dementia" and appear regularly on American_Gladiators or Roller_Derby.

  1. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    I will look into culture factors in may primary research, as I believe that there are some valid points about how important the family is, however, like Pilkington I believe that there are more important factors at work within ethnic minority children that cause them to underachieve in school.

  2. In recent years the gender composition of the work force has been changing. Looking ...

    There is a much smaller division for jobs as foreman and supervisors, with the division totalling only 1%. The black ethnic group shows their workforce is much more even in gender, with men taking up 13% of managerial positions and women 12%.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work