• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Sociological explanations for patterns of female crime

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In this essay, I am going to address the sociological explanations for patterns of female crime. Crime has a negative impact in society. It refers to those activities that break the law of the land and are subject to official punishment. This essay will state why female crime is dramatically increasing throughout society. Additionally, whilst women commit less than men, they commit all types of offences. The explanations will be stated in this essay suggesting why and how they commit criminality. Female involvement in criminal activity is not restricted to a few areas. While females do not tend to commit crimes of violence (violence by females tends to occur within the family, mainly as a final response to male violence), they are involved in a wide cross-section of crime. Therefore, while, in theory, women have similar opportunities as men to commit crime these may be limited by other factors. Most theories that explain crime, implicitly accept that males are more likely than female to commit crime. ...read more.

Middle

argues for instance, that as most children rearing is carried out by mothers, girls have clear role model to follow that emphasizes caring and support. This is one of the fundamental reasons why women have a low percentage in criminality because of how they are looked after by their mothers and by learning different norms and values to what a father may teach his son/daughter. Social control is another element in the sex roles theory explaining that females are less likely to commit crime because of the closer levels of supervision that they are subjected to at home in childhood. This control carries on throughout life, with the role of women being more constrained that that of males. For instance Heidensohn (1996) points out "An examination of female criminality and unofficial deviance suggests that we need to move away from studying infractions and look at the conformity instead, because the most striking thing about female behaviour is how notably conformists to social mores women are". Heidensohn refers to the wide range of informal sanctions meaning punishments to discourage women from straying from 'proper' behaviour, including gossip, ill repute and the comments of male companions. ...read more.

Conclusion

Socialist feminism is also one main factor in the feminists perspective which concludes and stresses that the position of men and women in general and with reference to crime In particular can only be understood by locating males and females within the context of societies divided by both sexism and by capitalism. Furthermore, radical feminism suggests that the only way to understand crime is to see it through a female perspective. Consequently, post modern feminism is particularly important since Smart (1990) and Cain (1986) argues that the very concerns of criminology (burglary/street crime etc) are actually a reflection of a male concerns, and that women should look at the way women are harmed by whole range of processes. To summarise, I believe that the sex-role theory has valid and understandable facts to why women have low numbers in criminality. I consider better role models truly means a crime free life, which would make this society a peaceful and comfortable place to live in. However, everyone everywhere has once committed a crime being female or male. But we all have to remember "Its not a crime to make a mistake, but it is a crime if you don't learn from it." ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Sociological Theories on Crime and Deviance

    Murray argues the underclass is growing as a result of welfare dependency. Murray argues the welfare states "generous revolution" since the 60's has allowed more people to become dependent on the state. It's led to decline of marriage and growth of lone parent families as women and children can live of benefits.

  2. Assess The Contribution Of Control Theory To Our Understanding Of Crime And Criminality

    For biological positivism, this leads to the search for a genetic component to account for variation in specific acts. (Gottfreddson 1990) This problem is not unique to the biological approach and both psychological and sociological sciences debate over the specific differences of the individual criminal acts.

  1. Examine the patterns of, & reasons for, domestic violence in the society.

    This is using violence in order to gain power and control. A causalist view of domestic violence is that it is a strategy to gain power and control over the victim. Abusers efforts to dominate their partners have been attributed to have a low self esteem or feelings of inadequacy,

  2. What are the uses of both qualitative and quantitative research methods for the criminological ...

    This method is time consuming and costly. Due to the fact that it is flexible, participants may decide not to talk about certain areas regarding criminological understanding of crime and anti social behaviour in the contemporary society, therefore the issued may not be properly addressed meaning that the cause and affect is not identified having a direct affect of the validity of the results.

  1. Describe competing criminological theories

    Hollin (1989) stated that a fast heart rate could be a sign that the psychopathic person is reducing their level of cortical arousal. Eysenck (1963) discovered that those identified with having an anti social personality disorder are mainly extrovert. This proposes the likely relevance of the behaviour.

  2. crimes committed by males and females

    Nevertheless, although shoplifting is a criminal act, it can be taken into consideration the situation and circumstance and that it was not the females intention to cause any harm, which would relate back to my hypothesis of women having different attitudes towards committing crime.

  1. Free essay

    Assess sociological explanations of the different crime rates of men and women.

    This idea of "social control" which, like socialization, is linked in with sex-role theory provides an example of how by focusing on small-scale human interactions (interactionism)

  2. Assess the Sociological explanations of the differing patterns of male and female criminality.

    Smart finally asserts that traditional criminology has attempted to control deviant behaviour, however because womens crime is seen as less threatening it has received less attention. Crime statistics often portray womens criminality to have lower rates then men and to be less vicarious.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work