• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Unemployment

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The aim of this essay is to discuss the social consequences for both individuals and the communities in which they reside of prolonged period of unemployment. Unemployment is a word not so easily defined as many may consider the unemployed to be individuals not in employment, ill or undergoing full time education there are certain members of society who are not employed but do not have an interest in work, should these individuals be considered unemployed? A sociologist defines unemployment as ' a part of an economic idea, referring to those people who are theoretically in the labour market, that is potentially competing for jobs and thus affecting the price of labour, but who do not actually have jobs'(C.Crouch, 1999). During this essay I will examine the possible cause of unemployment, the individual and social consequence as a result of unemployment, and the potential for urban violence. In addition, people dispossessed due to unemployment and the effects on western nations such as USA and Europe. In order to fully understand unemployment we must consider the causes. In a modern mixed economy there are many factors that contribute to unemployment. Firstly, the development of new technology has contributed majorly to the increase of unemployment. 'Automation has removed the need for many unskilled and semi skilled manual jobs and many non manual jobs have also been hit' (K.Browne , 2002). ...read more.

Middle

Individuals may remain hopeful in their search for a job for months but as time goes by they begin to become sceptical and may become demoralized. The amount of time an individual remains hopeful depends on their character, personality and amount of support they receive from friends or family. In addition, 'More ill health and depression brought on by a poorer diet, stress, and despair arising from the loss of routine and a sense of purpose'(K.Browne, 2002). The cost of living a healthy life becomes high when unemployed. People with less income begin to purchase inferior goods such as Morrison value products. These goods are cheap but lack quality. Work provides people with a sense of achievement and purpose. People who are made redundant tend to feel a loss of identity and status and this has a negative effect on their self confidence and may lead to despair. Society from my perspective tends to experience a wider range of consequences resulting from unemployment. The local economy of any society will face decline as unemployment increases. As people have less disposable income they begin to decrease their living cost. This may be done by purchasing cheaper food, less luxury goods or no meals out. As a result of this local shops and restaurants will have less income coming in due to less customers and in response have to make cut backs in order to survive. ...read more.

Conclusion

The rapid advancement of technology means a fast increase in demand for new products which require new skills and abilities to produce. An individual who is unemployed will not be in the process of training and is at risk of becoming obsolete in terms of their skills. In addition, the effect of unemployment is not shared equally between every individual. The working class tends to experience the worst effect of unemployment. This may be due to the fact that with their level of skill a replacement can be found easily. The middle class or classes are the individuals in society with professional jobs such as doctors or lawyers and probably have savings which eases the consequence of unemployment. Upper class individuals who are the owners of the means of production and exchange may not even experience the consequences of unemployment. They have assets which can be converted into cash to sustain them until they find another job. Reference C.Crouch, 1999, Social Change in Western Europe, New York: Oxford University Press, 69 K.Browne, 2002, introduction sociology for AS level, 1st edition: polity Press, 332 J.Fulcher and J.Scott, 2007 Sociology, 3rd edition, New York: Oxford University Press, 687 K.Browne, 2002, introduction sociology for AS level, 1st edition: polity Press, 335 K.Browne, 2002, introduction sociology for AS level, 1st edition: polity Press, 335 C.Crouch, 1999, Social Change in Western Europe, New York: Oxford University Press, 227 J.Fulcher and J. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. Constraints of literacy in developing countries

    Please, do not circulate this cours elsewhere on the internet. Anybody found doing so will be permanently banned. According to Khoury (1995) a major problem to the study of women in the labour force is that women are not represented as does the men.

  2. The Reason behind the Increase of Consumer debt and Materialism

    Most of us today would think it's impossible to live without the modern conveniences such as electricity and cars. Yet even an Amish community now has a phone booth.

  1. a) With reference to the Items and elsewhere, assess the view that the introduction ...

    It describes how school passes on values, attitudes and habits. From there is a mention of how a school works as a smaller society and reinforcing variations in cultural values acquired in early life. When a child leaves school this hidden curriculum of education has the effect of limiting opportunities for some whilst offering more for others.

  2. Consortia and Revenue Streams: the case of shared professorial lines

    Another advantage is the experience one gains by being involved in two or three departments and having a larger group for faculty support. However, it can also create isolation from much needed support by colleagues especially if the appointment is a tenure-track line.

  1. Study all the Sources.

    Again, this proves that the Greg's made sure their employee's were well looked after and were treated fairly. The fact that the Greg's were under no obligation to provide a doctor substantiates to us how the workers benefited from being at Styal.

  2. What are the strengths and weakness of the conflict perspective in Sociology? Illustrate how ...

    Marx observed that as opposed to Durkheim's functualist theory of society working in harmonious union, the conflict of various groups was in fact the moving force in society, with the economic structure being the basis of the separation of the groups in society.

  1. Drug Abuse.

    Drug use, itself, can be a crime. It makes innocent citizens scared to walk out of their own homes, in their own neighborhoods. Drug abuse is a plague to society. Drug abuse drains society's resources by requiring that taxes be spent on funding enforcement agencies, educational programs and treatment facilities and on prosecution of drug users and dealers.

  2. Does Mill Successfully reconcile the demands of individual liberty with the demands of general ...

    unfolded in these pages directly converges, is the absolute and essential importance of the human development in its richest diversity. (P20 Gray). On liberty is a critique against the submissive character of society and the development of the tyranny of the State.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work