Niall Ashton

Victoria Climbie died at 3.15pm on February 25th 2000. She died age 8 after severe physical abuse. Born on November 2nd 1991 in the Ivory Coast. When Victoria was seven she was sent to live in Paris with her aunt, Marie-Therese Kouao. They both flee France after false benefit claims. They arrive in London using false passport and claiming Victoria is called Anna. Kouao gets a job as hospital cleaner and they live in a hostel. Kouao meets Carl Manning on a bus and she moves into Carls flat in Tottenham by July. Within days Victoria suffers abuse at the hands of Manning. July 14th 1999 Victoria visits Central Middlesex hospital the daughter of the childminder suspects her of non-accidental injuries. Doctor believes Kouao’s story that Victoria has been scratching scabies sores. Doctors alert social services as a precaution. Haringey social worker, Lisa Arthurworrey and PC Karen Jones are assigned to case. They cancel home visit after hearing scabies story. July 24th, back at the hospital with scalding to her head and face. Doctors immediately suspects it’s deliberate but Kouao tell Pc Jones and Arthurworrey that she did but to stop her itching the scabies sores. August 6th Victoria is discharged – authorities believe Kouao’s excuses and Victoria returns home with Kouao and Manning. October-January 2000 Manning forces Victoria to sleep in a bin liner in the bath every night. November 1999, Kouao tells police that Manning has sexually abused Victoria. Next day allegations are withdrawn. PC Jones is asked to investigate further but Kouao has no reply to letter. February 24th 2000, Victoria rushed to hospital suffering from malnutrition and hypothermia. Transferred to St Mary’s hospital and admitted in to intensive care. Next day she is declared dead. Dr Nathaniel Carey, the home office pathologist finds 128 separate injuries and scars, many are cigarette burns. Described as “the worst case of child abuse I’ve ever encountered”. Manning and Kouao charged with murder.  Year later both found guilty they get life in prison. Judge Richard Hawkins said Victoria had “endured was truly unimaginable. She died at both your hands, a lonely drawn out death”. Prosecution also said the child protection authorities were also to blame. There were at least 12 times they could have intervened.

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This story supports the Conventional approach because they say that children are vulnerable and that the best family is the nuclear and that working mum and single parent families lead to delinquent children. Victoria was vulnerable and she died because of the physical abuse she was given by Kouao and especially Manning. Their family wasn’t nuclear because she spent time in between leaving her real parents and Kouao meeting Manning as a single parent family. Also Kouao was working which is against the conventional approach because it leads to delinquent children. Conventional believers could say that the physical abuse was ...

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