Bismillahi Ar-Rahman - The first edition of the book "The Ruling System"
Bismillahi Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem The first edition of the book "The Ruling System" was written in the early 50's of this century. Western culture had a great effect on the minds of the educated sons of the Muslims. One of its effects which dominated their thinking was that Islam is a spiritual religion that does not have a system suitable to solve the problems of life in this age and that there was no ruling system for the state beside that, the State that Islam had was religious and spiritual. Those undertaking the work for Islam used to call for it with general thoughts which were not crystallised. They lacked the clarity to show Islam as a complete system for life, state and society. They used to call for a return to Islam in an open and general manner without them having a clear vision in their minds as to what the systems of Islam were or the manner in which they were going to restore the ruling by Islam. The fact that ruling by what Allah (SWT) has revealed could not be restored without the Khilafah was absent from their Da'wah. That is why establishing the Khilafah and reinstating the ruling by what Allah (SWT) has revealed did not find a place in their program of work. At such a time a structure undertook the study of the situation of the Ummah at her present time and the condition she had reached. And it studied her history and the power and authority she had in the
The English Patient
INSTITUTO SUPERIOR DE PROFESORADO Nº 4 "ÁNGEL CÁRCANO" ENGLISH LITERATURE II THE ENGLISH PATIENT MICHAEL ONDAATJE "NATIONALITY AND IDENTITY" DEADLINE: 24/08/08 TEACHER: RAQUEL VARELA STUDENT: PAOLA MAREGA Nationhood - a constraint on people's identity and relationships The English Patient, written by Michael Ondaatje in 1992, is a historical-fiction novel, defined also as historiographic metafiction1. Its tone is "reflective and poetic" (Schonmuller, B., 2008:13) and one of its major themes is nationality and identity. The narrative is an account of the gradually revealed histories of four people living in an Italian villa at the end of World War II. The characters are the mysterious and critically burned English patient of the title, a Canadian army nurse called Hana, David Caravaggio, an Italian thief, and an Indian sapper, nicknamed Kip, belonging to the British Army. Each of them is far away from home, displaced by the war, and though they come from different and conflicting countries, they are able to live together in the villa and get on well in spite of their national and cultural differences. The English Patient focuses on the personal experiences of war of the four main characters, who have been deeply wounded by a conflict based on national divisions (Woodcock, J., 2006: 51). It also explores the effort of the characters, particularly that of the patient
The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.
The 1975 - 1990 War The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement Fouad Shihab became president after Camille Chamoun and although he built up the Lebanese intelligence service, called the Deuxième Bureau, the army was almost ignored and remained powerless, small, and was becoming weaker and weaker as time went on. The army's inactivity continued under Shihab's successor, Charles Helou, who became president in 1964. Helou and his army commander refused to commit Lebanese troops to the June 1967 war as an armitice agreement had been signed between the two countries in 1949 and the Lebanese Army was far too small and weak to get involved. This enraged many Lebanese Muslims as well as Syria, the mortal enemy of Israel. Immediately after the Arab defeat of 1967 Syria started sending Palestinian guerrillas into Lebanon to attack Israel. As soon as the PLO came to Lebanon, the violence that was to destroy the country began. On October 20, 1969 large numbers of Palestinain guerrillas began gathering on the western slopes of Mount Hermon in the Arqub region of Lebanon a few days later on the 29th these Palestinians fired on a Lebanese army patrol which resulted in the deaths of three Lebanese soldiers and the death one guerrilla with two injured. Imediatley Voice of Palestine broadcasts from cairo started to warn the Lebanese not to interfere with Palestinain raids into
Applied Business Studies
In this section of my work, I will be investigating how to start up a business, and looking at flaws in the process of setting it up. As well as looking at the range of problem that may occur along the way, I will be looking at how to keep up with the maintenance of the business, along with its finance and reputation. I will now go on to the process of choosing my business name, and talking about the pro's and con's, and if it would be suitable for the business that I am doing. First off, I need to decide what type of business I am doing, whether it is a hair salon, a football store, or even a café. Initially, I looked at what businesses are already set up in my local area, which is Flintshire. I researched and found out that there are many café's, sport shops, hair salons, and many other retail stores. I need to pick a business where it would be 'unique' and stand out. The business that I have decided to do is a theatre based business, and in the store, it would sell a range of items, which can be props, costumes, different lighting equipment, sound boards and many other items. The reason why I have chosen to do a theatre based business is because I understand a lot about the way theatres work, and I know what a lot of theatres need to do productions. In my business, a customer can either buy or rent certain props, buy different lighting or sound boards, costumes for
American History . The means and methods and reasons for the founding of the first English colonies - By the sixteenth century, many countries, including Spain, France and the Netherlands, had established colonies in the New World. Until the foundation of Jamestown, however, the English didn't have any successful permanent colonies in North America. - Prior to Jamestown, Sir Walter Raleigh of the Sea Dogs formed a joint stock company and received a charter to found a colony on Roanoke Island in 1584. It failed, and he tried again in 1585 and 1587. Both were failures, and the fate of the 1587 colony remains a mystery (all colonists disappeared). - Anyhow, several factors encouraged the English to try again with Jamestown even after their earlier failures, and motivated people to join the expeditions. These reasons include... "Overcrowding" - England had experienced a dramatic population boom,? resulting in social and economic upheaval (inflation, falling wages, peasants losing their land b/c of the enclosure movement, many homeless people, rapidly growing cities). Competition - The English government was concerned about losing ground in? the competition with the Spanish for overall power and with the Dutch for trading. Since they had colonies, it was only natural that England would want them as well. Religion - This applies more to the prospective colonists than to the?
Business Aims and Objectives.
Business Aims and Objectives Most businesses have aims and objectives about how they are going to make their business successful. Most businesses have different aims and objectives. For example a schools main aim will be getting as many students to a high educational standard. Some businesses may state official aims in a statement that is part of the business's policy. The mission statement of First Direct, the telephone banking arm of HSBC, is to `create harmony between the services it provides and the way people live their lives with simple, straightforward products`. Another example is BUPA, the private health care and insurance company, has a vision statement of `taking care of the lives in our hands. Aims An aim is a goal the business wants to achieve. For example to make a good profit, the business has aims to reach their goals such as expanding or improving their services or quality of goods. All businesses aim to provide goods and/or services, either to their local community or to the wider community. The main aim of every business is to survive. The only way it can do this is to make a profit. Its turnover, the goods or services it sells must be bigger than its operating expenses, or the day to day cost of running the business. These are some examples of aims of a business: * Making a profit * Being environmentally friendly * Improving product
The Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.).
Chapter 1 HOW IT ALL BEGAN Nearly four thousand years ago, in the Sumerian town of Ur in the valley of the river Euphrates, lived a young man named Abraham. The people of Ur had once worshipped Allah but as time passed they forgot the true religion and started praying to idols, statues made of wood or clay and sometimes even of precious stones. Even as a small child Abraham could not understand how his people, and especially his father, could make these images with their own hands, call them gods, and then worship them. He had always refused to join his people when they paid respect to these statues. Instead he would leave the town and sit alone, thinking about the heavens and the world about him. He was sure his people were doing wrong and so alone he searched for the right way. One clear night as he sat staring at the sky he saw a beautiful shining star, so beautiful that he cried out: 'This must be Allah!' He looked at it in awe for some time, until suddenly it began to fade and then it disappeared. He turned away in disappointment saying: I love not things that set. (Koran vi.77) On another night Abraham was again looking at the sky and he saw the rising moon, so big and bright that he felt he could almost touch it. He thought to himself: This is my Lord. (Koran vi.78) But it was not long before the moon set as well. Then he said, Unless my Lord guide me, I
Criticism on Hamlet
**HAMLET**  Act I. Scene i. (I. i. 63.) He smote the sleaded Polack on the ice. Polack was in that age, the term for an inhabitant of Poland: Polaque, French. As in a translation of Passeratius's epitaph on Henry III of France, published byCamden : Whether thy chance or choice thee hither brings, Stay, passenger, and wail the best of kings. This little stone a great king's heart doth hold, Who rul'd the fickle French and Polacks bold: So frail are even the highest earthly things. Go, passenger, and wail the hap of kings. Act I. Scene i. (I. i. 138.) If thou hast any sound. The speech of Horatio to the spectre is very elegant and noble, and congruous to the common traditions of the causes of apparitions. Act I. Scene i. (I. i. 153 foll.) Whether in sea or fire, &c. According to the pneumatology of that time, every element was inhabited by its peculiar order of spirits, who had dispositions different, according to their various places of abode. The meaning therefore is, that all spirits extravagant, wandering out of their element, whether aerial spirits visiting earth, or earthly spirits ranging the air, return to their station, to their proper limits in which they are confined.  Act I. Scene ix. (I. v. 154) Swear by my sword. Mr. Garrick produced me a passage, I think, in Brant ôme, from which it appeared, that it was common to swear upon the sword,
English society of Chaucer's time
Most people in the English society of Chaucer's time, about 600 years ago, viewed the world in a similar way and accepted the same beliefs. People then believed that behind the chaos and frustration of the day-to-day world there was a divine providence that gave a reason to everything, even though that reason wasn't always obvious. When you've got faith in an overall system like that, it's easier to accept and understand the world around you. People in Chaucer's society could feel, at least much of the time, a sense of security about the world, knowing that it was following a divine plan. They trusted the system they believed in; it was true, and they felt no need to question it. So behind all of Chaucer's satire and social put-downs in the Canterbury Tales is an unshaken belief in a divine order. It's easier to make fun of something when, underneath, you know you take it seriously. Also, as Chaucer knew, it's easier to write for a group of people who at least roughly share the same set of values, whether they be a cook, a parson, or an upper-class prioress. Those values were represented in the medieval world by two structures: the class system and the church. People believed both setups were established by God, and each went unchallenged. A peasant, like Chaucer's Plowman, wasn't "upwardly mobile" as in our society, and didn't aspire to become a knight. He may want to buy
A2 Business CourseWork
AS Business studies Unit 1 - Investigating Business A portfolio investigating and researching the supermarket chain Tesco By Matthew Hampson Introduction: About the business: Tesco is a UK based international food and general retail chain. It is the UK's largest retailer by sales and market share, with profits exceeding £3 billion. On a worldwide scale it is the world's third largest retailer falling only behind Wal-Mart and Carrefour. Tesco was founded in 1919 by Jack Cohen when he started selling groceries on a market stall in east London. The brand "Tesco" first appeared five years later in 1924. The brand was formed when Cohen took the initials of T.E Stockwell and added the first to letters of his sir name (C.O) and hence the name TESCO was formed. The first Tesco store opened in 1929 in Middlesex. By 1947 the company was already on the London stock exchange. Tesco grew through the 1950s and 60s until it had more than 800 stores acquired, in the most part through the purchase of other retail chains. Tesco pioneered the "pile it high, sell it cheap" ethos, this was in the most part due to Jack Cohen's belief that this was the best way for the business to succeed. In 1964 Tesco signed up with 'Green Shield Stamps' to further entice customers, to the modern day family this revolutionised shopping. However Lord Sainsbury disagreed with Cohen's new idea and market