How do moral rights differ from other rights in copyright? Critically discuss particularly in the context of multi media work.
How do moral rights differ from other rights in copyright? Critically discuss particularly in the context of multi media work. Copyright can be thought of as a bundle of economic rights and moral rights. The basic framework of these rights is statutory, although the explanatory case law is of great importance. Copyright can cover many types of creative effort. These may include literary, musical and dramatic works, artistic work (including graphic and photographs), sound recordings, films, broadcasts and cablecasts and the typographical format of certain published editions. Several copyrights may subsist simultaneously in a single catalogue item, and care should be taken to establish the exact nature and ownership of each.1 Skill, labour and judgement are the main prominence of copyright. As held in Cramp v Smythson (1947), it was held that if there are 2 or more people claiming for breach of copyright, it must be distinguished whether any have spent skill, labour, or judgement in the case. In 1980, Ploman and Hamilton recognised that "copyright is one method for linking the world of ideas to the world of commerce." "Moral Rights" is the English translation of the French phrase "droit moral". Moral rights differ from copyright. Copyright protects property rights, which entitles authors to publish and economically benefit from their published works. Moral rights safeguard
Do you think Lumsdale was a successful choice for the site of these mills?
Patrick Hardern 0SP GCSE History Year Ten Coursework Teacher: Mrs Thompson (AT) Friday 13 February 2009 Do you think Lumsdale was a successful choice for the site of these mills? From the 17th century, right up to the start of the 20th century, the Lumsdale valley was a fairly large industrial site in the town of Matlock in Derbyshire. Several different industries such as bone-grinding for glue and fertiliser, cotton spinning after Richard Arkwright lost his patent of the water frame, bleaching, dyeing, barytes processing, paint making, lead smelting and sawing went on in the valley until all plots of land were auctioned off on 6 June 1929. There was also a smithy. Throughout its functioning years, water power was used to drive the mills. The water would be held one of the three ponds in the valley, held in by a dam before being released on the opening/raising of a sluice gate. Once the water had been used for driving a mill, a sophisticated system of launders would carry it down the valley from mill to mill, except at mill one, where the tail race takes the water back into Bentley Brook. The remains of the valley were purchased by local resident Marjorie Mills, who later sold the valley to what is now the Arkwright Society who stopped most of the remains from collapsing completely. One of the three ponds has been fully restored, along with a dam and overflow pipe and
An Analysis of the Business Strategy of Diversification; Using Empirical Financial Data
STEVEN SNYDER, MBA LEE PICKLER, DBA Diversification Strategy An Analysis of the Business Strategy of Diversification; Using Empirical Financial Data Table of Contents ABSTRACT 3 INTRODUCTION 4 RESEARCH (Industries) 7 Media Networks 7 Soft Drinks 10 Personal Computers 12 Financial Services 15 Home Fixtures 18 Offshore Marine Services 22 CONCLUSION 25 FURTHER RESEARCH 26 REFERENCES 27 ABSTRACT: This paper examines the business strategy of diversification. Diversification of business lines was widely considered to be a prudent strategy throughout the 1980's. Diversification offered multiple revenue streams as well a degree of hedged risk management. However, the practice of diversification largely fell out of favor beginning in the 1990's. Many companies began to devote full focus to their primary business line, while spinning off business lines that were considered to be unrelated to their core competency. Focusing on the core competency products and/or services was thought to be a more efficient approach, with a higher return on the company's resources. The strategy of business diversification has largely been theoretical with little empirical evidence collected to measure its success or failure. This paper compares the performance of heavily and lightly diversified companies across a wide spectrum of industries. The purpose is to collect, measure and
The Human PopulationThe population profiles for developed and developing countries are fundamentally different. What are the differences?Some of the more developed countries have lower fertility rates
The Human Population Carole Holmes April 1, 2006 Unit 2: Individual Project (SCI210) Laura Step The Human Population The population profiles for developed and developing countries are fundamentally different. What are the differences? Some of the more developed countries have lower fertility rates. The current rate in the U.S. is 2.0. (The fertility rate is the number of children a woman would give birth to in a lifetime if she experienced the birth rate for her country in a specified year.), but have a growing number of elderly people. The population of developed countries increases mainly because of immigration. In developing countries the population is younger. Fertility rates in these developing countries are in the range 5.5 to 7.0 in recent years. The infant mortality rate in the U.S. is less than 10 per 1,000 live births; in many of the world's poorest countries this rate is between 100 and 150. Define the epidemiological transition and the fertility transition and relate them to the four phases of the demographic transition. Epidemiological transition is "In human populations, the pattern of change in morality from high death rates to low death rates and Fertility transition as the pattern of change in birthrates in a human society from high rates to low". (Wright, 2005) Demographic transition can be defined as the change of a population from high birth and
The following is a written opinion on the related cases of John Russell, Patrick James, Owen David, Anne Sparks, Herbert Regan, South Herts Police Authority and The Metropolitan Police Commissioner.
The following is a written opinion on the related cases of John Russell, Patrick James, Owen David, Anne Sparks, Herbert Regan, South Herts Police Authority and The Metropolitan Police Commissioner. In order to give an objective opinion of the subsequent legal problem, it is essential to focus on the different elements of the stated facts. The first element in the claimant's case is whether a duty of care was owed to take reasonable care. The question, which then arises on the part of the defendants, is whether any liability attached to them will also be attached to their employers as they were acting in the course of their employment. John Russell v. Herbert Regan Firstly it must be established whether or not a duty of care was owed. For a successful claim of negligence1, the following need to be taken into consideration. o Did the defendant owe the claimant a duty of care? o Was there a breech of that duty? o Did the breech cause the harm? All parts of this equation need to be present for a claim, if one part is present without the other, counsel for the claimant cannot rely on this. To further establish this duty, it must be considered whether there was proximity2 and / or reasonable foreseeability as in the case of Heaven v. Pender 1883. However, the law protects certain professionals, floodgates are a policy consideration and the reverse of this is known as the
How Does Sherriff Create a Sense of Pathos in Act Three Scene Three of the Play
How Does Sherriff Create a Sense of Pathos in Act Three Scene Three of the Play? Act Three Scene Three in the play is ultimately the point in which all of the dramatic tension comes to a tragic climax. This sense of pathos is achieved by a number of different factors. The first is that the scene begins with an emotive description of the atmosphere, describing the 'intense darkness of the dugout is softened by the glow of the Very lights' and the 'distant mutter of the guns'. There is also a frequent reference to the cold, which helps to reflect the bitterness of war. The men in the dugout are clearly trying to keep things normal in order to try and suppress their fears about the approaching German attack, for example Trotter sings to himself and Mason fusses about tea and drinks. However it is also clear that there is an underlying tension in the unnerving stillness of the atmosphere at this moment in the play. The men coping with their fears through trivial matters are contrasted with Hibbert, whose fears are not so well concealed. It is at this point that Stanhope's caring personality and good leadership skills are visible, when he gets water for Hibbert and sends Mason up to keep him company. The more we empathise with Stanhope, the greater the tragedy when he is killed. We also see that the attack is steadily building as the noises of the shells and minenwerfers
The Birthday Party, a comedy of menace (Pinter)
The Birthday Party: A "Comedy of Menace" How far do you agree with this description? "Comedy of menace" was a term first used to describe Harold Pinter's plays by the drama critic Irving Wardle. He borrowed the term from the subtitle of one of David Campton's plays, The Lunatic View: A Comedy of Menace. A comedy is a humorous play which contains variations on the elements of surprise, incongruity, conflict, repetitiveness, and the effect of opposite expectations and so on in order to amuse and make the audience laugh. A menace is something which threatens to cause harm, evil or injury which seems quite incompatible with the idea of a comedy. However, as The Birthday Party shows, it is quite possible for a playwright to create both humour and menace in the same play, and even at the same time, in order to produce certain effects and to transmit ideas to the audience. Comedy is present in The Birthday Party from the very first scene; it is a way of gently introducing the audience to the world which Pinter is trying to create. The humour is quite subtle at first, for example the exchange between Petey and Meg about whether Stanley is up or not plays on the words up and down: "Meg: "Is Stanley up yet? Petey: I don't know. Is he? Meg: I don't know. I haven't seen him down. Petey: Well then, he can't be up. Meg: Haven't you seen him down?". Although the repetitions in
How did Stevenson create horror and tension around the character of Hyde?
Robert Louis Stevenson was a famous Scottish author who, in 1886 wrote, the chilling, fictitious novel The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Stevenson generated tension surrounding the infamous character, Mr Hyde, in a variety of ways. Tension has been created around the character of Hyde throughout the novel. In particular, the scene where Mr Enfield describes feeling terrified and bewildered at seeing a young girl callously trampled by Hyde. Stevenson creates tension using various methods. During the trampling scene, as throughout the book, Hyde is described as a loathsome, 'little man'. This enables the reader to identify the character, using the recurrent labels. Stevenson uses Pathetic Fallacy to portray Hyde. This is apparent during Mr Enfield's account of that 'Black winter morning.' Black is associated with evil and winter with dark, dingy mornings. Stevenson uses this sentence effectively to create tension and set the sinister scene before Hyde appears. This suggests that Hyde's actions, when he comes into the scene, are going to be corrupt and villainous. Hyde was 'stumping along', 'at a good walk.' Stevenson has created a character that to the reader appears to move in a controlled, unstoppable manner. Hyde then 'trampled calmly over the child's body and left her screaming on the ground.' These actions were unemotional and complacent. Hyde did
Advise Gillian as to Wolverine Enterprises Ltd’s legal obligations towards Alan Smith and its potential legal liability towards Sylvia Brown.
Employment Law Coursework Ann-Spowart Taylor Wolverine Enterprises Ltd. Advise Gillian as to Wolverine Enterprises Ltd's legal obligations towards Alan Smith and its potential legal liability towards Sylvia Brown. . Alan Smith Alan works at the Sunderland factory as a production operative. It is hot work that involves ensuring that hot steel bars are fed correctly into a casting machine. Alan has just been diagnosed as having multiple sclerosis. The only symptom he suffers at present is that he tires more easily than he used to and more easily than do others. The effects of multiple sclerosis vary considerably as does the speed at which the symptoms of the condition develop. Alan has been advised by his consultant that if possible he should avoid heavy physical effort and working in hot conditions. Important and relevant facts of the case => He is a production operative, a production operative operates machinery. => He works in hot conditions. => He has been diagnosed as having multiple sclerosis. => Only symptom is tiredness, which is a significant one as you should not operate machinery if you are tired, and his job is based around this. => Consultant has advised that if possible he should avoid any heavy physical effort and working in hot conditions. Any obligations the company have towards Alan are as a disabled person, but before we can go any further with
Is Santa Real
"Is Santa Possible?" By: Alice Wang If Santa Claus did not match the stereotype that has been given out by the media, family, and friends for centuries and was the "polar" opposite, he could be possible. First, the man would have to lose about 20 dress sizes and go anorexic every Christmas because of the thin chimneys that are all across the world. Hey if Kristie Alley can do it on Jenny Craig, and both Santa and Kristie Alley are both obese, why can't Santa Claus lose weight? Next, he would have to make a time capsule in order to give each good Christian child a gift. Santa would have 31 hours of Christmas to work with if he goes from east to west because of the various time zones and the rotation of the earth. Analytically, he would have to visit about 823 houses in a second assuming that he would have to park, hop out of the sleigh, jump down the chimney, fill the stockings, distribute the presents, eat the milk and cookies, and get back on the sleigh. Assuming that there are 91.8 million stops (supposing that each household has 3 kids), Santa Claus would have to run .78 miles per household, which is calculated to a total trip of 75 and a half million miles, not counting the fact that he would have to go do what every human would have to do every couple of hours. That means that Santa's sleigh would have to move 650 miles per second. Hey if Superman can fly around at the